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The Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Self-Rated Happiness: The Case Of Penang, Malaysia

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  • CHEAH, YONG KANG
  • TANG, CHOR FOON

Abstract

In view of the importance of happiness, the present study aims to investigate the sociodemographic determinants of happiness among Penang (Malaysia) adults. An ordered probit model and a primary survey data with a total of 398 observations are used in this study. The results reveal that ethnicity, marital status and education are statistically significant in determining individuals' happiness, whereas income, gender, age, employment status and presence of chronic diseases are not statistically significant in determining individuals' happiness. Based on these observed outcomes, several policy implications are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Cheah, Yong Kang & Tang, Chor Foon, 2013. "The Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Self-Rated Happiness: The Case Of Penang, Malaysia," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 54(1), pages 1-16, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hitjec:v:54:y:2013:i:1:p:1-16
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gerdtham, Ulf-G & Johannesson, Magnus, 2001. "The relationship between happiness, health, and socio-economic factors: results based on Swedish microdata," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 553-557.
    2. Colleen Howell & Ryan Howell & Kurt Schwabe, 2006. "Does Wealth Enhance Life Satisfaction for People Who are Materially Deprived? Exploring the Association among the Orang asli of Peninsular Malaysia," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 76(3), pages 499-524, May.
    3. Helliwell, John F., 2003. "How's life? Combining individual and national variables to explain subjective well-being," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 331-360, March.
    4. Theodossiou, I., 1998. "The effects of low-pay and unemployment on psychological well-being: A logistic regression approach," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 85-104, January.
    5. Viren Swami, 2008. "Translation and Validation of the Malay Subjective Happiness Scale," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 88(2), pages 347-353, September.
    6. Morawetz, David, 1977. "Income Distribution and Self-Rated Happiness: Some Empirical Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 87(347), pages 511-522, September.
    7. Winkelmann, Liliana & Winkelmann, Rainer, 1998. "Why Are the Unemployed So Unhappy? Evidence from Panel Data," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 65(257), pages 1-15, February.
    8. Masoud Moghaddam, 2008. "Happiness, Faith, Friends, and Fortune—Empirical Evidence from the 1998 US Survey Data," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 577-587, December.
    9. Ed Diener & Ed Sandvik & Larry Seidlitz & Marissa Diener, 1993. "The relationship between income and subjective well-being: Relative or absolute?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 195-223, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:ariqol:v:12:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11482-016-9500-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Quang Tran, Tuyen & Quy Nguyen, Thanh & Vu Van, Huong & Thanh Doan, Tinh, 2015. "Religiosity and life satisfaction among old people: Evidence from a transitional country," MPRA Paper 81360, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Jun 2015.
    3. Thomas Wai-Kee Yuen & Winnie Wan-Ling Chu, 2015. "Happiness in ASEAN member states," International Journal of Happiness and Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(1), pages 69-83.
    4. Quang Tran, Tuyen & Viet Nguyen, Cuong & Van Vu, Huong, 2015. "Economic Inequality and Happiness: A quantitative study among the elderly in Rural Vietnam," MPRA Paper 81235, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 14 Oct 2016.
    5. Lim, Hock-Eam & Duan, Hongbo, 2015. "Should We Blame The Graduates For Their Unemployment? A Happiness Approach," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 56(2), pages 243-258, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; happiness; health; income; Malaysia; well-being;

    JEL classification:

    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General

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