A Macro-economic Consequence of the Central Bank's Reserve Fund: A Political-economic Perspective
Academic attention to the central bank's retained profits has been scarce, although their magnitudes are nontrivial. This paper confirms that the profits retained as a reserve fund, if combined with unconstrained bureaucratic discretion, can engender inflationary bias. This result is intriguing because the previous literature emphasizes a similar distortion in monetary policy for the opposite case where those profits are turned over to the Treasury. We therefore propose that some external changes in central-banking institutions alone may not warrant their desired 'outcome' without reining in excessive discretion. This proposition can provide a beneficial implication for establishing the meaningful independence of central banks.
Volume (Year): 52 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
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