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Group Competition and Personality in an Experimental Public Goods Game

Author

Listed:
  • Fujiwara, Hikojiro
  • Arai, Kazuhiro

Abstract

This paper introduces a variation of the public goods game where four groups compete to win prizes. It uses experiments to consider behavioral and personality aspects, enablingus to treat a new field. As for the behavioral aspect, it emerges that intra- and inter-group awareness is effective in promotingcooperation. In addition, cooperative actions are observed in a cooperative rather than uncooperative atmosphere. As for the personality aspect, the game is examined from four standpoints, namely, preference for competition, preference for risk, passion for profit, and trust in others.

Suggested Citation

  • Fujiwara, Hikojiro & Arai, Kazuhiro, 2008. "Group Competition and Personality in an Experimental Public Goods Game," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 49(2), pages 149-161, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hitjec:v:49:y:2008:i:2:p:149-161
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marco Faravelli & Luca Stanca, 2007. "Single versus Multiple Prize Contests to Finance Public Goods: Theory and Experimental Evidence," Working Papers 127, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2007.
    2. Solow, John L. & Kirkwood, Nicole, 2002. "Group identity and gender in public goods experiments," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 48(4), pages 403-412, August.
    3. Kyung Baik, 2008. "Contests with group-specific public-good prizes," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 30(1), pages 103-117, January.
    4. Gachter, Simon & Herrmann, Benedikt & Thoni, Christian, 2004. "Trust, voluntary cooperation, and socio-economic background: survey and experimental evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 55(4), pages 505-531, December.
    5. Arai, Kazuhiro, 2007. "Trust and Trustworthiness in the Economy: How They Function and How They Should Be Promoted," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 48(2), pages 225-240, December.
    6. Roth, Alvin E. & Vesna Prasnikar & Masahiro Okuno-Fujiwara & Shmuel Zamir, 1991. "Bargaining and Market Behavior in Jerusalem, Ljubljana, Pittsburgh, and Tokyo: An Experimental Study," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1068-1095, December.
    7. Marwell, Gerald & Ames, Ruth E., 1981. "Economists free ride, does anyone else? : Experiments on the provision of public goods, IV," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 295-310, June.
    8. Baik, Kyung Hwan & Kim, In-Gyu & Na, Sunghyun, 2001. "Bidding for a group-specific public-good prize," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 415-429, December.
    9. Marco Faravelli, 2011. "The Important Thing Is Not (Always) Winning but Taking Part: Funding Public Goods with Contests," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 13(1), pages 1-22, February.
    10. Nowell, Clifford & Tinkler, Sarah, 1994. "The influence of gender on the provision of a public good," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 25-36, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public Goods Game; Experiment; Group Competition; Personality; Culture;

    JEL classification:

    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior

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