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The Low-Carbon Transition toward Sustainability of Regional Coal-Dominated Energy Consumption Structure: A Case of Hebei Province in China

Author

Listed:
  • Xunmin Ou

    () (Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    China Automotive Energy Research Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

  • Zhiyi Yuan

    () (Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

  • Tianduo Peng

    () (Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    China Automotive Energy Research Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

  • Zhenqing Sun

    () (School of Economics and Management, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China)

  • Sheng Zhou

    () (Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

Abstract

CO 2 emission resulted from fossil energy use is threatening human sustainability globally. This study focuses on the low-carbon transition of Hebei’s coal-dominated energy system by estimating its total end-use energy consumption, primary energy supply and resultant CO 2 emission up to 2030, by employing an energy demand analysis model based on setting of the economic growth rate, industrial structure, industry/sector energy consumption intensity, energy supply structure, and CO 2 emission factor. It is found that the total primary energy consumption in Hebei will be 471 and 431 million tons of coal equivalent (tce) in 2030 in our two defined scenarios (conventional development scenario and coordinated development scenario), which are 1.40 and 1.28 times of the level in 2015, respectively. The resultant full-chain CO 2 emission will be 1027 and 916 million tons in 2030 in the two scenarios, which are 1.24 and 1.10 times of the level in 2015, respectively. The full-chain CO 2 emission will peak in about 2025. It is found that the coal-dominated situation of energy structure and CO 2 emission increasing trend in Hebei can be changed in the future in the coordinated development scenario, in which Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei area coordinated development strategy will be strengthened. The energy structure of Hebei can be optimised since the proportion of coal in total primary energy consumption can fall from around 80% in 2015 to below 30% in 2030 and the proportions of transferred electricity, natural gas, nuclear energy and renewable energy can increase rapidly. Some specific additional policy instruments are also suggested to support the low-carbon transition of energy system in Hebei under the framework of the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei area, and with the support from the central government of China.

Suggested Citation

  • Xunmin Ou & Zhiyi Yuan & Tianduo Peng & Zhenqing Sun & Sheng Zhou, 2017. "The Low-Carbon Transition toward Sustainability of Regional Coal-Dominated Energy Consumption Structure: A Case of Hebei Province in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(7), pages 1-26, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1184-:d:103885
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jin, Wei & Zhang, ZhongXiang, 2014. "Quo Vadis? Energy Consumption and Technological Innovation," Working Papers 249494, Australian National University, Centre for Climate Economics & Policy.
    2. Yuan, Jiahai & Xu, Yan & Hu, Zheng & Zhao, Changhong & Xiong, Minpeng & Guo, Jingsheng, 2014. "Peak energy consumption and CO2 emissions in China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 508-523.
    3. Zhao, Guangling & Guerrero, Josep M. & Jiang, Kejun & Chen, Sha, 2017. "Energy modelling towards low carbon development of Beijing in 2030," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 107-113.
    4. Hao Yu & Su-Yan Pan & Bao-Jun Tang & Zhi-Fu Mi & Yan Zhang & Yi-Ming Wei, 2014. "Urban energy consumption and CO2 emissions in Beijing: Current and Future," CEEP-BIT Working Papers 70, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEP), Beijing Institute of Technology.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jeners:v:12:y:2019:i:4:p:624-:d:206319 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:11:p:3160-:d:237340 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:appene:v:228:y:2018:i:c:p:1994-2008 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    low-carbon transition; regional energy demand; China; Hebei;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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