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An Integrated Model Based on a Hierarchical Indices System for Monitoring and Evaluating Urban Sustainability

Author

Listed:
  • Li Shen

    () (Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N5C8, Canada
    Sustainable Cities International, West Hastings Street, Vancouver, V6B1G8, Canada)

  • Jared M. Kyllo

    () (Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N5C8, Canada)

  • Xulin Guo

    () (Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N5C8, Canada)

Abstract

Over 50% of world’s population presently resides in cities, and this number is expected to rise to ~70% by 2050. Increasing urbanization problems including population growth, urban sprawl, land use change, unemployment, and environmental degradation, have markedly impacted urban residents’ Quality of Life ( QOL ). Therefore, urban sustainability and its measurement have gained increasing attention from administrators, urban planners, and scientific communities throughout the world with respect to improving urban development and human well-being. The widely accepted definition of urban sustainability emphasizes the balancing development of three primary domains (urban economy, society, and environment). This article attempts to improve the aforementioned definition of urban sustainability by incorporating a human well-being dimension. Major problems identified in existing urban sustainability indicator (USI) models include a weak integration of potential indicators, poor measurement and quantification, and insufficient spatial-temporal analysis. To tackle these challenges an integrated USI model based on a hierarchical indices system was established for monitoring and evaluating urban sustainability. This model can be performed by quantifying indicators using both traditional statistical approaches and advanced geomatic techniques based on satellite imagery and census data, which aims to provide a theoretical basis for a comprehensive assessment of urban sustainability from a spatial-temporal perspective.

Suggested Citation

  • Li Shen & Jared M. Kyllo & Xulin Guo, 2013. "An Integrated Model Based on a Hierarchical Indices System for Monitoring and Evaluating Urban Sustainability," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-36, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:5:y:2013:i:2:p:524-559:d:23311
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lenore Newman, 2007. "The virtuous cycle: incremental changes and a process-based sustainable development," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(4), pages 267-274.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Anibal Gusso & Cristina Cafruni & Fabiane Bordin & Mauricio Roberto Veronez & Leticia Lenz & Sabrina Crija, 2015. "Multi-Temporal Patterns of Urban Heat Island as Response to Economic Growth Management," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(3), pages 1-17, March.
    2. Anibal Gusso & André Silva & John Boland & Leticia Lenz & Conrad Philipp, 2017. "Income Driven Patterns of the Urban Environment," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(2), pages 1-20, February.
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:9:p:1600-:d:111361 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Adriana Acevedo Tirado & Mariana Ruiz Morales & Odette Lobato-Calleros, 2015. "Additional Indicators to Promote Social Sustainability within Government Programs: Equity and Efficiency," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(7), pages 1-17, July.
    5. Xuedong Liang & Weiwei Zhang & Lei Chen & Fumin Deng, 2016. "Sustainable Urban Development Capacity Measure—A Case Study in Jiangsu Province, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-13, March.
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:270:d:66112 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    urban sustainability; urban sustainability indicator; socioeconomic; environmental; QOL ; an integrated model; a hierarchical system; remote sensing; geographic information system;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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