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Xanthomonas Wilt of Banana Drives Changes in Land-Use and Ecosystem Services Across Infected Landscapes

Author

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  • Walter Ocimati

    (The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, P.O. Box 24384, Kampala, Uganda
    Farming Systems Ecology, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 563, 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Jeroen J. C. Groot

    (Farming Systems Ecology, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 563, 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Pablo Tittonell

    (Farming Systems Ecology, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 563, 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Agroecology, Environment and Systems Group, Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales y Agropecuarias de Bariloche (IFAB), San Carlos de Bariloche 8400, Río Negro, Argentina
    Groningen Institute of Evolutionary Life Sciences, Groningen University, Nijenborgh 7, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands)

  • Godfrey Taulya

    (International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), P.O. Box 7878, Kampala, Uganda)

  • Jules Ntamwira

    (The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, P.O. Box 1860, Bukavu, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo
    INERA, Mulungu, Research Station, Bukavu, South Kivu, P.O. Box 2037, Kinshasa 1, Democratic Republic of Congo)

  • Serge Amato

    (IITA, Kalambo, P.O. Box 1222, Bukavu, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo)

  • Guy Blomme

    (The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

Abstract

Changes in land-use have been observed in banana-based systems in the African Great Lakes region affected by Xanthomonas wilt disease (XW) of banana. Through focus group discussions (FGDs) and the 4-cell method (to map the area under production and the number of households involved), changes in land-use were assessed in 13 XW-affected landscapes/villages along a 230 km transect from Masisi (where XW arrived in 2001) to Bukavu (XW arrived around 2014) in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Farmers’ perceptions on the sustainability of new land uses were also documented. Soil nutrient content and erosion levels were measured for five major land-use options/trajectories on 147 fields across 55 farms in three landscapes along the transect. From banana being ranked the most important crop (92% of landscapes) before XW outbreaks, its importance had declined, with it grown on smaller farms by most households in 36% of the landscapes, while in 64% of cases by few households on smaller plots. Farmers uprooted entire banana mats or fields, expanding land under other crops. Species richness did not change at landscape level, although 21 crops were introduced at farm level. Banana is, however, still perceived as more sustainable due to its multi-functional roles. Soils under banana had better chemical attributes, while high erosion levels (Mg ha −1 year −1 ) occurred under cassava (1.7–148.9) compared with banana (0.3–10.7) and trees (0.3–5.9). The shifts from banana could thus affect supply of key services and sustainability of the farming systems. This study offers a good basis for interventions in XW-affected landscapes.

Suggested Citation

  • Walter Ocimati & Jeroen J. C. Groot & Pablo Tittonell & Godfrey Taulya & Jules Ntamwira & Serge Amato & Guy Blomme, 2020. "Xanthomonas Wilt of Banana Drives Changes in Land-Use and Ecosystem Services Across Infected Landscapes," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(8), pages 1-20, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:8:p:3178-:d:345636
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    Cited by:

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