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Travel Behavior of Elderly in George Town and Malacca, Malaysia

Author

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  • Saidatulakmal Mohd

    (School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, Malaysia)

  • Abdul Rais Abdul Latiff

    (School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, Malaysia)

  • Abdelhak Senadjki

    (Faculty of Business and Finance, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, Kampar 31900, Perak, Malaysia)

Abstract

We investigated the travel behavior of the elderly in two United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO Heritage Cities in Malaysia, George Town and Malacca, to assess the commonalities and differences in the mobility of the elderly and to analyze the factors influencing the mobility of the elderly. We relied upon a one-day travel diary where the elderly recorded their trip information including trip category, mode of travel, and distance travelled. A total of 455 travel diaries were completed and analyzed using descriptive analysis and Poisson estimation with the number of trips as the dependent variable. We found that the elderly in both cities recorded no more than five trips per day, travelled mostly within a distance of five kilometers, and chose private transportation as their preferred mode of transportation. Factors statistically significantly influencing the elderly’s trip frequency included location (city), education level, private vehicle ownership, health condition, and engagement in exercise. Findings from this study suggest that authorities need to strategize transportation planning to encourage mobility among the elderly without compromising the heritage status of both cities.

Suggested Citation

  • Saidatulakmal Mohd & Abdul Rais Abdul Latiff & Abdelhak Senadjki, 2019. "Travel Behavior of Elderly in George Town and Malacca, Malaysia," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(19), pages 1-20, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:19:p:5251-:d:270432
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Sien Leong Liew & Siti Rahayu Hussin & Nawal Hanim Abdullah, 2021. "Attributes of Senior-Friendly Tourism Destinations for Current and Future Senior Tourists: An Importance-Performance Analysis Approach," SAGE Open, , vol. 11(1), pages 21582440219, March.
    3. Nur Farhana Mohammed Noor & Hayati Kadir Shahar & Tengku Aizan Hamid & Zumilah Zainalaludin & Siti Anom Ahmad & Fakhrul Zaman Rokhani & Norsidah Ujang & Irwan Syah Md Yusoff & Siti Aisyah Nor Akahbar, 2022. "Understanding Travel Behavior and Sustainability of Current Transportation System for Older Adults in Malaysia: A Scoping Review," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(21), pages 1-14, October.
    4. Kwang-Sub Lee & Jin Ki Eom & Jun Lee & Sangpil Ko, 2021. "Analysis of the Activity and Travel Patterns of the Elderly Using Mobile Phone-Based Hourly Locational Trajectory Data: Case Study of Gangnam, Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(6), pages 1-23, March.
    5. Zhang Sen & Zhang Ke & Liu Xiaoyang & Zeng Jian & Liu Yan & Zhao Lian, 2022. "Characterisation of elderly daily travel behaviour in Tianjin using a space–time cube," Environment and Planning B, , vol. 49(2), pages 603-618, February.

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