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Motivations for Volunteerism, Satisfaction, and Emotional Exhaustion: The Moderating Effect of Volunteers’ Age

Author

Listed:
  • Mercedes Aranda

    () (Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, National University for Distance Teaching, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

  • Salvatore Zappalà

    () (Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
    Department of Human Resource Management and Psychology, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, 125993 Moscow, Russia)

  • Gabriela Topa

    () (Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, National University for Distance Teaching, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Politécnica y Artística del Paraguay, 1628 Asunción, Paraguay)

Abstract

This investigation aims to explore the moderating role of volunteers’ age in the relation between motivations for volunteering and, respectively, satisfaction with volunteerism and emotional exhaustion. A longitudinal study was conducted with a sample of 241 Spanish healthcare volunteers. Results show that volunteers’ age moderates the relations between social motivations and satisfaction, and social motivations and volunteers’ emotional exhaustion, and also between growth motivations and satisfaction, and volunteers’ emotional exhaustion. The relationships between security motivations and satisfaction and emotional exhaustion are not moderated by age. Our findings underline that, for younger volunteers, satisfaction decreases when social motives are high, rather than low, and, in the opposite, emotional exhaustion increases when growth motives are high, rather than low. For older volunteers, instead, the only significant effect concern satisfaction, which is higher when social motives are high, rather than low.

Suggested Citation

  • Mercedes Aranda & Salvatore Zappalà & Gabriela Topa, 2019. "Motivations for Volunteerism, Satisfaction, and Emotional Exhaustion: The Moderating Effect of Volunteers’ Age," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(16), pages 1-16, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:16:p:4477-:d:258783
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marcel Erlinghagen & Karsten Hank, 2005. "Participation of Older Europeans in Volunteer Work," MEA discussion paper series 05071, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
    2. Jolita Vveinhardt & Rita Bendaraviciene & Ingrida Vinickyte, 2019. "Mediating Factor of Emotional Intelligence in Intercultural Competence and Work Productivity of Volunteers," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-21, May.
    3. Daehwan Kim & Chanmin Park & Hany Kim & Jeeyoon Kim, 2019. "Determinants and Outcomes of Volunteer Satisfaction in Mega Sports Events," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(7), pages 1-18, March.
    4. Seunghee Im & Yang Woon Chung, 2018. "Employee Volunteering Meaningfulness and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Exploring the Effects of Organizational Support, Pride, and Trust," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-16, December.
    5. Wonyoung Baek & Joonmo Cho, 2018. "Identifying the Virtuous Circle of Humanity Education and Post-Graduate Employment: Evidence from a Confucian Country," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(1), pages 1-14, January.
    6. Steven Bauer & Dongkuk Lim, 2019. "Effect of Communication Practices on Volunteer Organization Identification and Retention," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-17, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    volunteerism; motivation for volunteerism; satisfaction with volunteerism; emotional exhaustion; age;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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