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Ehrenamtliches Engagement in Europa: Eine vergleichende Untersuchung am Beispiel von Senioren


  • Karsten Hank


  • Marcel Erlinghagen
  • Anja Lemke

    (Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA))


Auf Basis des ‚Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe’ (SHARE) untersuchen wir ehrenamtliches Engagement von Senioren in 10 Ländern. Bei einer durchschnittlichen Beteiligung der über 50-Jährigen von etwa 10% lassen sich erhebliche regionale Unterschiede, insbesondere zwischen den Mittelmeerländern einerseits und Skandinavien sowie den Niederlanden andererseits, beobachten. Unsere deskriptiven Analysen ergeben keine Hinweise darauf, dass diese Differenzen auf eine ungleiche Verteilung relevanter individueller Merkmale oder auf länderspezifische Effekte bestimmter Individualmerkmale zurückzuführen sein könnten. Vor dem Hintergrund dieser empirischen Befunde skizzieren wir mögliche Ansätze eines ‚Forschungsprogramms’ zur Erklärung der beobachteten Unterschiede zwischen den Ländern. Im Zentrum dieser Überlegungen steht die Frage nach der gemeinsamen Erklärungskraft verschiedener Regimetypologien. Abschließend diskutieren wir mögliche Perspektiven für eine Aktivierung bislang ungenutzter Potenziale der Freiwilligenarbeit im Alter. ––– Using data from the new ‘Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe’ (SHARE), we explore cross-national patterns of voluntary work among the older population in 10 countries. Our analysis reveals a clear spatial pattern of volunteering (with higher participation rates in Northern Europe and lower ones in the Mediterranean countries). There is no indication that the observed between-country differences are due to a different distribution or due to country-specific effects of relevant individual characteristics. Based on these findings, we sketch a program for future research, focussing on the role of various ‘regime typologies’ in the explanation of cross-country differences in voluntary engage-ment. We conclude with a brief discussion of policies and programs designed to encourage elder citizens to make use of their productive potential.

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  • Karsten Hank & Marcel Erlinghagen & Anja Lemke, 2005. "Ehrenamtliches Engagement in Europa: Eine vergleichende Untersuchung am Beispiel von Senioren," MEA discussion paper series 05074, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:mea:meawpa:05074

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Marcel Erlinghagen & Karsten Hank, 2005. "Participation of Older Europeans in Volunteer Work," MEA discussion paper series 05071, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
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    1. Karsten Hank & Stephanie Stuck, 2007. "Gesellschaftliche Determinanten produktiven Alterns in Europa," MEA discussion paper series 07152, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.

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