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Analysis of Embodied Environmental Impacts of Korean Apartment Buildings Considering Major Building Materials

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  • Seungjun Roh

    (Sustainable Building Research Center, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan 15588, Korea)

  • Sungho Tae

    (Sustainable Building Research Center, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan 15588, Korea
    Department of Architecture & Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan 15588, Korea)

  • Rakhyun Kim

    (Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan 15588, Korea)

Abstract

Because the reduction in environmental impacts (EIs) of buildings using life-cycle assessment (LCA) has been emphasized as a practical strategy for the sustainable development of the construction industry, studies are required to analyze not only the operational environmental impacts (OEIs) of buildings, but also the embodied environmental impacts (EEIs) of building materials. This study aims to analyze the EEIs of Korean apartment buildings on the basis of major building materials as part of research with the goal of reducing the EIs of buildings. For this purpose, six types of building materials (ready-mixed concrete, reinforcement steel, concrete bricks, glass, insulation, and gypsum) for apartment buildings were selected as major building materials, and their inputs per unit area according to the structure types and plans of apartment buildings were derived by analyzing the design and bills of materials of 443 apartment buildings constructed in South Korea. In addition, a life-cycle scenario including the production, construction, maintenance, and end-of-life stage was constructed for each major building material. The EEIs of the apartment buildings were quantitatively assessed by applying the life-cycle inventory database (LCI DB) and the Korean life-cycle impact assessment (LCIA) method based on damage-oriented modeling (KOLID), and the results were analyzed.

Suggested Citation

  • Seungjun Roh & Sungho Tae & Rakhyun Kim, 2018. "Analysis of Embodied Environmental Impacts of Korean Apartment Buildings Considering Major Building Materials," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(6), pages 1-17, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:6:p:1693-:d:148464
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Roh, Seungjun & Tae, Sungho & Shin, Sungwoo, 2014. "Development of building materials embodied greenhouse gases assessment criteria and system (BEGAS) in the newly revised Korea Green Building Certification System (G-SEED)," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 410-421.
    2. Seungjun Roh & Sungho Tae, 2016. "Building Simplified Life Cycle CO 2 Emissions Assessment Tool (B‐SCAT) to Support Low‐Carbon Building Design in South Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(6), pages 1-22, June.
    3. Dixit, Manish K., 2017. "Life cycle embodied energy analysis of residential buildings: A review of literature to investigate embodied energy parameters," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 390-413.
    4. Ling Dong & Yu Wang & Hong Xian Li & Boya Jiang & Mohamed Al-Hussein, 2018. "Carbon Reduction Measures-Based LCA of Prefabricated Temporary Housing with Renewable Energy Systems," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-22, March.
    5. Annarita Ferrante & Giovanni Mochi & Giorgia Predari & Lorenzo Badini & Anastasia Fotopoulou & Riccardo Gulli & Giovanni Semprini, 2018. "A European Project for Safer and Energy Efficient Buildings: Pro-GET-onE (Proactive Synergy of inteGrated Efficient Technologies on Buildings’ Envelopes)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-26, March.
    6. Roh, Seungjun & Tae, Sungho & Suk, Sung Joon & Ford, George, 2017. "Evaluating the embodied environmental impacts of major building tasks and materials of apartment buildings in Korea," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 135-144.
    7. Annunziata, Eleonora & Frey, Marco & Rizzi, Francesco, 2013. "Towards nearly zero-energy buildings: The state-of-art of national regulations in Europe," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 125-133.
    8. Abd Rashid, Ahmad Faiz & Yusoff, Sumiani, 2015. "A review of life cycle assessment method for building industry," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 244-248.
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    Cited by:

    1. Golden Odey & Bashir Adelodun & Sang-Hyun Kim & Kyung-Sook Choi, 2021. "Status of Environmental Life Cycle Assessment (LCA): A Case Study of South Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(11), pages 1-30, June.
    2. Claudio Favi & Elisa Di Giuseppe & Marco D’Orazio & Marta Rossi & Michele Germani, 2018. "Building Retrofit Measures and Design: A Probabilistic Approach for LCA," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(10), pages 1-15, October.
    3. Diana Carolina Gámez-García & José Manuel Gómez-Soberón & Ramón Corral-Higuera & Héctor Saldaña-Márquez & María Consolación Gómez-Soberón & Susana Paola Arredondo-Rea, 2018. "A Cradle to Handover Life Cycle Assessment of External Walls: Choice of Materials and Prognosis of Elements," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(8), pages 1-24, August.
    4. Sungwoo Lee & Sungho Tae & Hyungjae Jang & Chang U. Chae & Youngjin Bok, 2021. "Development of Building Information Modeling Template for Environmental Impact Assessment," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(6), pages 1-18, March.
    5. Seungjun Roh & Sungho Tae & Rakhyun Kim & Suroh Park, 2019. "Probabilistic Analysis of Major Construction Materials in the Life Cycle Embodied Environmental Cost of Korean Apartment Buildings," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-13, February.

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