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Ecosystem Services, Sustainable Rural Development and Protected Areas


  • Mónica de Castro-Pardo

    (Department of Financial Economics and Actuarial and Statistics-Statistics and Operational Research, Campus of Somosaguas, Complutense University of Madrid, Pozuelo de Alarcón, 28223 Madrid, Spain)

  • João C. Azevedo

    (Centro de Investigação de Montanha, Campus de Santa Apolónia, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal)

  • Pascual Fernández

    (Department of Applied Economics I and History and Economic Institutions, UNESCO UNED-URJC Chair in Water and Peace, URJC, Faculty of Law and Social Sciences, Campus of Vicálvaro, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Tulipan, Móstoles, 28933 Madrid, Spain)


Enhancing social and economic development while preserving nature is one of the most significant challenges for humankind in the current century [...]

Suggested Citation

  • Mónica de Castro-Pardo & João C. Azevedo & Pascual Fernández, 2021. "Ecosystem Services, Sustainable Rural Development and Protected Areas," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(10), pages 1-3, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jlands:v:10:y:2021:i:10:p:1008-:d:643633

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mónica de Castro-Pardo & Pascual Fernández Martínez & Amelia Pérez Zabaleta & João C. Azevedo, 2021. "Dealing with Water Conflicts: A Comprehensive Review of MCDM Approaches to Manage Freshwater Ecosystem Services," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(5), pages 1-32, April.
    2. Daniel Ibarra-Marinas & Francisco Belmonte-Serrato & Ramón García-Marín & Gustavo Ballesteros-Pelegrín, 2021. "Analysis of Replicability of Conservation Actions across Mediterranean Europe," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(6), pages 1-18, June.
    3. Beatrice Nöldeke & Etti Winter & Yves Laumonier & Trifosa Simamora, 2021. "Simulating Agroforestry Adoption in Rural Indonesia: The Potential of Trees on Farms for Livelihoods and Environment," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(4), pages 1-31, April.
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    7. Kai Ren, 2021. "Following Rural Functions to Classify Rural Sites: An Application in Jixi, Anhui Province, China," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(4), pages 1-35, April.
    8. Lingyu Kong & Xiaodong Xu & Wei Wang & Jinxiu Wu & Meiying Zhang, 2021. "Comprehensive Evaluation and Quantitative Research on the Living Protection of Traditional Villages from the Perspective of “Production–Living–Ecology”," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(6), pages 1-25, May.
    9. Iván Pérez-Rubio & Daniel Flores & Christian Vargas & Francisco Jiménez & Iker Etxano, 2021. "To What Extent Are Cattle Ranching Landholders Willing to Restore Ecosystem Services? Constructing a Micro-Scale PES Scheme in Southern Costa Rica," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(7), pages 1-24, July.
    10. Siyuan He & Louise Gallagher & Qingwen Min, 2021. "Examining Linkages among Livelihood Strategies, Ecosystem Services, and Social Well-Being to Improve National Park Management," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(8), pages 1-20, August.
    11. Jon Geir Petursson & Dadi Mar Kristofersson, 2021. "Co-Management of Protected Areas: A Governance System Analysis of Vatnajökull National Park, Iceland," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(7), pages 1-18, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexey Gunya & Alexey Lysenko & Izolda Lysenko & Ludmila Mitrofanenko, 2021. "Transformation of Nature Protection Institutions in the North Caucasus: From a State Monopoly of Governance to Multi-Actor Management," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(21), pages 1-13, November.
    2. Klimanova, O.A. & Bukvareva, E.N. & Yu, Kolbowsky E. & Illarionova, O.A., 2023. "Assessing ecosystem services in Russia: Case studies from four municipal districts," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).
    3. Edgardo Sica & Roberta Sisto & Naomi di Santo, 2022. "Are Potential Tourists Willing to Pay More for Improved Accessibility? Preliminary Evidence from the Gargano National Park," Land, MDPI, vol. 11(1), pages 1-17, January.
    4. Matthew R. Sloggy & Francisco J. Escobedo & José J. Sánchez, 2022. "The Role of Spatial Information in Peri-Urban Ecosystem Service Valuation and Policy Investment Preferences," Land, MDPI, vol. 11(8), pages 1-18, August.
    5. Amare Tesfaw & Feyera Senbeta & Dawit Alemu & Ermias Teferi, 2022. "Estimating the Economic Values of Restricted Monoculture Eucalyptus Plantations: A Choice Modeling Approach," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(15), pages 1-17, July.
    6. Bo Li & Hao Ouyang & Tong Wang & Tian Dong, 2023. "Coupling Relationship between Rural Settlement Patterns and Landscape Fragmentation in Woodlands and Biological Reserves—A Case of Nanshan National Park," Land, MDPI, vol. 12(4), pages 1-25, March.

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