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Energetic and Environmental Aspects of Individual Heat Generation for Sustainable Development at a Local Scale—A Case Study from Poland

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  • Michał Kaczmarczyk

    () (Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Fossil Fuels, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Kraków, Poland)

  • Anna Sowiżdżał

    () (Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Fossil Fuels, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Kraków, Poland)

  • Barbara Tomaszewska

    () (Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Fossil Fuels, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Kraków, Poland)

Abstract

The housing sector, especially with respect to energy generation to provide heating and domestic hot water, has been identified, after transport, as contributing the most to air pollution and the occurrence of low emissions in Poland. In particular, this applies to areas where there is a lack of heating and gas networks. This paper presents the results of calculations relating to the emission of atmospheric pollutants (TSP—total suspended particles as particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5, SO x —sulphur dioxide, NO x —nitrogen dioxide, CO—carbon monoxide) from individual sources of heat. The fact that a commune that does not have the network infrastructure, noted above, was taken into consideration, and the structure of heat generation was estimated on the basis of coal, fuel oil and biomass. The analysis was carried out taking into account the variable heat generation structure in households depending on the fuels used, including the heating values of fuels and the efficiency of heating devices. Based on the calculations carried out, an ecological effect was obtained by assuming the replacement of heat sources by devices with higher efficiency and also by considering the possibility of using heat pumps as a zero-emission solution in the households. This article attempts to answer the question posed by municipal authorities on how to limit the negative impact on the environment of individual heating devices in order to achieve sustainable development, including the specific conditions resulting from limited infrastructural opportunities.

Suggested Citation

  • Michał Kaczmarczyk & Anna Sowiżdżał & Barbara Tomaszewska, 2020. "Energetic and Environmental Aspects of Individual Heat Generation for Sustainable Development at a Local Scale—A Case Study from Poland," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(2), pages 1-16, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:13:y:2020:i:2:p:454-:d:309897
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Leszek Pająk & Barbara Tomaszewska & Wiesław Bujakowski & Bogusław Bielec & Marta Dendys, 2020. "Review of the Low-Enthalpy Lower Cretaceous Geothermal Energy Resources in Poland as an Environmentally Friendly Source of Heat for Urban District Heating Systems," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(6), pages 1-13, March.
    2. Michał Kaczmarczyk & Barbara Tomaszewska & Leszek Pająk, 2020. "Geological and Thermodynamic Analysis of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Resources to Electricity Generation Using ORC and Kalina Cycle Technology," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(6), pages 1-20, March.
    3. Joanna Hałacz & Aldona Skotnicka-Siepsiak & Maciej Neugebauer, 2020. "Assessment of Reducing Pollutant Emissions in Selected Heating and Ventilation Systems in Single-Family Houses," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(5), pages 1-19, March.
    4. Magdalena Tyszer & Wiesław Bujakowski & Barbara Tomaszewska & Bogusław Bielec, 2020. "Geothermal Water Management Using the Example of the Polish Lowland (Poland)—Key Aspects Related to Co-Management of Drinking and Geothermal Water," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(10), pages 1-13, May.
    5. Agnieszka Operacz & Bogusław Bielec & Barbara Tomaszewska & Michał Kaczmarczyk, 2020. "Physicochemical Composition Variability and Hydraulic Conditions in a Geothermal Borehole—The Latest Study in Podhale Basin, Poland," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(15), pages 1-18, July.
    6. Rafael Ninno Muniz & Stéfano Frizzo Stefenon & William Gouvêa Buratto & Ademir Nied & Luiz Henrique Meyer & Erlon Cristian Finardi & Ricardo Marino Kühl & José Alberto Silva de Sá & Brigida Ramati Per, 2020. "Tools for Measuring Energy Sustainability: A Comparative Review," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(9), pages 1-27, May.
    7. Maciej Dzikuć & Piotr Kuryło & Rafał Dudziak & Szymon Szufa & Maria Dzikuć & Karolina Godzisz, 2020. "Selected Aspects of Combustion Optimization of Coal in Power Plants," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(9), pages 1-15, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainable development; heat generation; low emissions; earth and environmental science;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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