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Explaining the Diffusion of Energy-Efficient Lighting in India: A Technology Innovation Systems Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Danish Ahmad Mir

    (College of Information Studies, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA)

  • Christopher N.H. Doll

    (School of Geography, Geology and the Environment, Kingston University, London KT1 1LQ, UK)

  • Robert Lindner

    (Platform of Inter/Transdisciplinary Energy Research, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan)

  • Muhammad Tabish Parray

    (Brookings India, New Delhi 110021, India)

Abstract

Electricity consumption from lighting accounts for about 15% of total power demand and 5–6% of greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. It is therefore a promising avenue to achieve considerable energy savings through technological innovation and upgrading. India has been very successful in recent years with a nationwide roll-out of modern light-emitting diode (LED) applications. This study uses the framework of technology innovation systems to identify the actors, institutions, and processes behind the diffusion of this technology. Our findings indicate that national innovation strategies, along with low-carbon technology (LCT) transfer policies, helped to bring down the cost of LED lamps in a rapidly expanding domestic market. Based on the findings, we further explore lessons for broader issues of low-carbon technology transfer and suggest an emerging intermediate step between north–south and south–south technology transfer.

Suggested Citation

  • Danish Ahmad Mir & Christopher N.H. Doll & Robert Lindner & Muhammad Tabish Parray, 2020. "Explaining the Diffusion of Energy-Efficient Lighting in India: A Technology Innovation Systems Approach," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(21), pages 1-16, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:13:y:2020:i:21:p:5821-:d:441282
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    References listed on IDEAS

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