IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/gam/jeners/v12y2019i22p4312-d286193.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Macroeconomic Effects of EU Energy Efficiency Regulations on Household Dishwashers, Washing Machines and Washer Dryers

Author

Listed:
  • Paola Rocchi

    (European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Spain. C/Inca Garcilaso, 3, 41092 Sevilla, Spain)

  • José Manuel Rueda-Cantuche

    (European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Spain. C/Inca Garcilaso, 3, 41092 Sevilla, Spain)

  • Alicia Boyano

    (European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Spain. C/Inca Garcilaso, 3, 41092 Sevilla, Spain)

  • Alejandro Villanueva

    (European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Spain. C/Inca Garcilaso, 3, 41092 Sevilla, Spain)

Abstract

Testing the relationship between economic performance and energy consumption is of utmost importance in nearly all countries. Taking the European Union as scope, this paper analyses the impacts of energy efficiency legislation on a selection of household appliances. In particular, it analyses the employment and value added impacts of the stricter energy efficiency requirements for dishwashers, washing machines, and washer dryers. To do so, this paper combines a bottom-up stock model with a macro-econometric dynamic general equilibrium model (FIDELIO) to quantify the direct and indirect value added and employment impacts in the European Union. The analysis shows that stricter energy efficiency requirements on household dishwashers, washing machines, and washer dryers have a net negative macroeconomic impact on value added (roughly 0.01 % of the total European Union value added) and a slightly net positive impact on employment. In fact, the regulations cause a shift in the composition of the household consumption basket that seems to favor labor-intensive industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Paola Rocchi & José Manuel Rueda-Cantuche & Alicia Boyano & Alejandro Villanueva, 2019. "Macroeconomic Effects of EU Energy Efficiency Regulations on Household Dishwashers, Washing Machines and Washer Dryers," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(22), pages 1-21, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:12:y:2019:i:22:p:4312-:d:286193
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/12/22/4312/pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/12/22/4312/
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lund, P.D., 2010. "Exploring past energy changes and their implications for the pace of penetration of new energy technologies," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 647-656.
    2. Adam Rose & Dan Wei, 2012. "Macroeconomic impacts of the Florida Energy and Climate Change Action Plan," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 50-69, January.
    3. Jollands, Nigel & Waide, Paul & Ellis, Mark & Onoda, Takao & Laustsen, Jens & Tanaka, Kanako & de T'Serclaes, Philippine & Barnsley, Ingrid & Bradley, Rick & Meier, Alan, 2010. "The 25 IEA energy efficiency policy recommendations to the G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6409-6418, November.
    4. O'Doherty, Joe & Lyons, Sean & Tol, Richard S.J., 2008. "Energy-using appliances and energy-saving features: Determinants of ownership in Ireland," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 85(7), pages 650-662, July.
    5. McNeil, Michael A. & Bojda, Nicholas, 2012. "Cost-effectiveness of high-efficiency appliances in the U.S. residential sector: A case study," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 33-42.
    6. Palma Rocchi & Sylvie Salotti & Frédéric Reynès & Tatyana Bulavskaya & José M. Rueda-Cantuche & J.M. Valderas Jaramillo & A. Velázquez Afonso & Antonio F. Amores & Téodora Corsatea, 2019. "FIDELIO 3 manual: Equations and data sources," SciencePo Working papers Main hal-03632732, HAL.
    7. Radpour, Saeidreza & Hossain Mondal, Md Alam & Kumar, Amit, 2017. "Market penetration modeling of high energy efficiency appliances in the residential sector," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 951-961.
    8. Yilmaz, S. & Majcen, D. & Heidari, M. & Mahmoodi, J. & Brosch, T. & Patel, M.K., 2019. "Analysis of the impact of energy efficiency labelling and potential changes on electricity demand reduction of white goods using a stock model: The case of Switzerland," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 239(C), pages 117-132.
    9. Belke, Ansgar & Dobnik, Frauke & Dreger, Christian, 2011. "Energy consumption and economic growth: New insights into the cointegration relationship," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 782-789, September.
    10. Shigemi Kagawa & Yuki Kudoh & Keisuke Nansai & Tomohiro Tasaki, 2008. "The Economic and Environmental Consequences of Automobile Lifetime Extension and Fuel Economy Improvement: Japan's Case," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(1), pages 3-28.
    11. Bull, Joe, 2012. "Loads of green washing—can behavioural economics increase willingness-to-pay for efficient washing machines in the UK?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 242-252.
    12. Terry Barker & Eva Alexandri & Jean-Francois Mercure & Yuki Ogawa & Hector Pollitt, 2016. "GDP and employment effects of policies to close the 2020 emissions gap," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 393-414, May.
    13. Cabeza, Luisa F. & Ürge-Vorsatz, Diana & Ürge, Daniel & Palacios, Anabel & Barreneche, Camila, 2018. "Household appliances penetration and ownership trends in residential buildings," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 1-8.
    14. Hanson, Donald & Laitner, John A. Skip, 2004. "An integrated analysis of policies that increase investments in advanced energy-efficient/low-carbon technologies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 739-755, July.
    15. Hartwig, Johannes & Kockat, Judit & Schade, Wolfgang & Braungardt, Sibylle, 2017. "The macroeconomic effects of ambitious energy efficiency policy in Germany – Combining bottom-up energy modelling with a non-equilibrium macroeconomic model," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 510-520.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. G. Venkatesh, 2022. "Dishwashers: Literature Review to Summarise the Multi-Dimensionality of Sustainable Production and Consumption," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(16), pages 1-21, August.
    2. Dan Yu & Bart Dewancker & Fanyue Qian, 2020. "The Identification and Rebound Effect Evaluation of Equipment Energy Efficiency Improvement Policy: A Case Study on Japan’s Top Runner Policy," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(17), pages 1-18, August.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Wijaya, Muhammad Ery & Tezuka, Tetsuo, 2013. "Measures for improving the adoption of higher efficiency appliances in Indonesian households: An analysis of lifetime use and decision-making in the purchase of electrical appliances," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 981-987.
    2. Mejia, Mario A. & Melo, Joel D. & Zambrano-Asanza, Sergio & Padilha-Feltrin, Antonio, 2020. "Spatial-temporal growth model to estimate the adoption of new end-use electric technologies encouraged by energy-efficiency programs," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 191(C).
    3. Radpour, Saeidreza & Hossain Mondal, Md Alam & Kumar, Amit, 2017. "Market penetration modeling of high energy efficiency appliances in the residential sector," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 951-961.
    4. Nishijima, Daisuke, 2017. "The role of technology, product lifetime, and energy efficiency in climate mitigation: A case study of air conditioners in Japan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 340-347.
    5. Bloch, Harry & Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa & Salim, Ruhul, 2015. "Economic growth with coal, oil and renewable energy consumption in China: Prospects for fuel substitution," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 104-115.
    6. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Hoang, Thi Hong Van & Mahalik, Mantu Kumar & Roubaud, David, 2017. "Energy consumption, financial development and economic growth in India: New evidence from a nonlinear and asymmetric analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 199-212.
    7. Ismael Pérez-Franco & Agustín García-García & Juan J. Maldonado-Briegas, 2020. "Energy Transition Towards a Greener and More Competitive Economy: The Iberian Case," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(8), pages 1-14, April.
    8. Rehman, Shafiqur & El-Amin, Ibrahim, 2012. "Performance evaluation of an off-grid photovoltaic system in Saudi Arabia," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 451-458.
    9. Magazzino, Cosimo & Mele, Marco & Schneider, Nicolas, 2021. "A D2C algorithm on the natural gas consumption and economic growth: Challenges faced by Germany and Japan," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 219(C).
    10. Yingying Zhou & Zhuoqing Fang & Nan Li & Xueyan Wu & Yuehan Du & Zonghan Liu, 2019. "How Does Financial Development Affect Reductions in Carbon Emissions in High-Energy Industries?—A Perspective on Technological Progress," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(17), pages 1-25, August.
    11. Ruixiaoxiao Zhang & Geoffrey QP Shen & Meng Ni & Johnny Wong, 2020. "The relationship between energy consumption and gross domestic product in Hong Kong (1992–2015): Evidence from sectoral analysis and implications on future energy policy," Energy & Environment, , vol. 31(2), pages 215-236, March.
    12. Federico Revelli, 2012. "Business taxation and economic performance in hierarchical government structures," Working Papers 2012/12, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    13. Jiansuo Pei & Erik Dietzenbacher & Jan Oosterhaven & Cuihong Yang, 2011. "Accounting for China's Import Growth: A Structural Decomposition for 1997–2005," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 43(12), pages 2971-2991, December.
    14. Ju-Hee Kim & Younggew Kim & Seung-Hoon Yoo, 2021. "Using a choice experiment to explore the public willingness to pay for the impacts of improving energy efficiency of an apartment," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 55(5), pages 1775-1793, October.
    15. Yushchenko, Alisa & Patel, Martin Kumar, 2017. "Cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency programs: How to better understand and improve from multiple stakeholder perspectives?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 538-550.
    16. Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur & Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan, 2016. "Energy use, international trade and economic growth nexus in Australia: New evidence from an extended growth model," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 806-816.
    17. Frauke Dobnik, 2011. "OLong-run Money Demand in OECD Countries – Cross-Member Cointegration," Ruhr Economic Papers 0237, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    18. Biondi, Tommaso & Moretto, Michele, 2015. "Solar Grid Parity dynamics in Italy: A real option approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 293-302.
    19. repec:hal:spmain:info:hdl:2441/6d7es28iae9pjoil7092hs41h3 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. José Alberto Fuinhas & António Cardoso Marques & Alcino Pinto Couto, 2015. "Oil-Growth Nexus in Oil Producing Countries: Macro Panel Evidence," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 148-163.
    21. Mondal, Md. Alam Hossain & Ringler, Claudia & Al-Riffai, Perrihan & Eldidi, Hagar & Breisinger, Clemens & Wiebelt, Manfred, 2019. "Long-term optimization of Egypt’s power sector: Policy implications," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 166(C), pages 1063-1073.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:12:y:2019:i:22:p:4312-:d:286193. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://www.mdpi.com .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: MDPI Indexing Manager (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://www.mdpi.com .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.