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The role of financial reporting and transparency in corporate governance

Author

Listed:
  • Christopher S. Armstrong
  • Wayne R. Guay
  • Hamid Mehran
  • Joseph P. Weber

Abstract

The authors review recent literature on the role of corporate financial reporting and transparency in reducing governance-related agency conflicts between managers, directors, shareholders, and other stakeholders?most notably financial regulators?and suggest some avenues for future research. Key themes include the endogenous nature of governance mechanisms with respect to information asymmetry between contracting parties, the heterogeneous nature of the informational demands of contracting parties, and the corresponding heterogeneity of the associated governance mechanisms. The authors also emphasize the role of credible commitment to financial reporting transparency in facilitating informal multiperiod contracts among managers, directors, shareholders, and other stakeholders. Finally, they discuss the importance of regulatory supervision and oversight as a class of governance mechanisms that is particularly important for banks and financial institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Christopher S. Armstrong & Wayne R. Guay & Hamid Mehran & Joseph P. Weber, 2016. "The role of financial reporting and transparency in corporate governance," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Aug, pages 107-128.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednep:00034
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ellen Engel, 2005. "Discussion of Does the Market Value Financial Expertise on Audit Committees of Boards of Directors?," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(2), pages 195-204, May.
    2. Anderson, Ronald C. & Mansi, Sattar A. & Reeb, David M., 2004. "Board characteristics, accounting report integrity, and the cost of debt," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 315-342, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gad Jacek, 2020. "The association between disclosures on control system over financial reporting and mechanisms of corporate governance: Empirical evidence from Germany and Poland," International Journal of Management and Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of World Economy, vol. 56(4), pages 351-369, December.
    2. Callahan, Carolyn & Soileau, Jared, 2017. "Does Enterprise risk management enhance operating performance?," Advances in accounting, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 122-139.
    3. Gao, Pingyang & Jiang, Xu, 2018. "Reporting choices in the shadow of bank runs," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 85-108.
    4. José Ruiz-Canela López, 2021. "How Can Enterprise Risk Management Help in Evaluating the Operational Risks for a Telecommunications Company?," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 14(3), pages 1-26, March.
    5. Khan, Ashraf & Hassan, M. Kabir & Paltrinieri, Andrea & Dreassi, Alberto & Bahoo, Salman, 2020. "A bibliometric review of takaful literature," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 389-405.
    6. Anthony D. Nikias & Steven T. Schwartz & Richard A. Young, 2021. "The effect of information transparency on capital budgeting with privately informed agents: a short research note," Journal of Management Control: Zeitschrift für Planung und Unternehmenssteuerung, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 253-268, June.
    7. Nagar, Venky & Schoenfeld, Jordan, 2021. "Shareholder monitoring and discretionary disclosure," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial accounting; contracting; financial institutions; information asymmetry; executive compensation; corporate transparency; corporate governance; board structure; informal contracts;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M42 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Auditing
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • M55 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Contracting Devices
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • D86 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Economics of Contract Law
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • M50 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - General
    • M40 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - General
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • M52 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects

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