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Growth and the Kaldor Facts

Author

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  • Berthold Herrendorf
  • Richard Rogerson
  • Akos Valentinyi

Abstract

We revisit the Kaldor growth facts for the United States and the United Kingdom during the postwar period. We find that while overall the original Kaldor facts continue to hold, deviations occurred along several dimensions: Instead of staying constant, the growth rates of real GDP per worker and of real capital per worker have slowed down in the United States and the United Kingdom since the 1970s, the capital-to-output ratio has increased in the United Kingdom, and the share of income paid to labor has decreased in the United States since 1990. We discuss how to calculate the Kaldor facts in multi-sector growth models and establish that a slowdown in GDP-per-worker growth naturally results from secular changes in relative prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Berthold Herrendorf & Richard Rogerson & Akos Valentinyi, 2019. "Growth and the Kaldor Facts," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 101(4), pages 259-276.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlrv:00124
    DOI: 10.20955/r.101.259-76
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kurose, Kazuhiro, 2021. "Models of structural change and Kaldor’s facts: Critical survey from the Cambridge Keynesian perspective," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 267-277.
    2. Duernecker, Georg & Herrendorf, Berthold & Valentinyi, Ákos, 2021. "The productivity growth slowdown and Kaldor’s growth facts," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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