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On the Empirics of the Non-neutrality of Money: Evidence from Developed Countries

Author

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  • Petr Duczynski

    () (Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Králové)

Abstract

The paper examines the cyclical behavior of money and prices in a sample of developed countries dating from 1951 to 1990. Evident in the data is a tendency toward an average countercyclical behavior of the price level and a weakly procyclical behavior of nominal monetary aggregates. For money (M1) and money plus quasi-money (M2), correlation coefficients between the real per capita output growth rate and the half lag in the money growth rate are higher on average than correlation coefficients between the real per capita output growth rate and the half lead in the money growth rate, thus indicating that money changes precede output changes. There is at least some evidence that M2 is more strongly associated with real output M1 or high-powered money (M0). As opposed to developed countries, high-inflation Latin American countries exhibit a countercyclical behavior of money.

Suggested Citation

  • Petr Duczynski, 2005. "On the Empirics of the Non-neutrality of Money: Evidence from Developed Countries," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 55(5-6), pages 267-282, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:55:y:2005:i:5-6:p:267-282
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    File URL: http://journal.fsv.cuni.cz/storage/1021_s_267_282.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1973. "Some International Evidence on Output-Inflation Tradeoffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 326-334, June.
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    3. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1972. "Expectations and the neutrality of money," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 103-124, April.
    4. Backus, David K & Kehoe, Patrick J, 1992. "International Evidence of the Historical Properties of Business Cycles," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 864-888, September.
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    6. Milton Friedman, 1961. "The Lag in Effect of Monetary Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 69, pages 447-447.
    7. James Tobin, 1970. "Money and Income: Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 84(2), pages 301-317.
    8. Eswar S Prasad & Bankim Chadha, 1992. "Are Prices Countercyclical?," IMF Working Papers 92/88, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Robert Summers & Alan Heston, 1991. "The Penn World Table (Mark 5): An Expanded Set of International Comparisons, 1950–1988," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 327-368.
    10. Smith, R Todd, 1992. "The Cyclical Behavior of Prices," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 24(4), pages 413-430, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    consumer prices; half-lag and half-lead growth rates; nominal monetary aggregates; real output per capita;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative

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