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La Curva De Phillips Y La Crítica De Friedman

  • José Francisco Bellod Redondo

En este trabajo examinamos la crítica de Friedman a la Curva de Phillips. Asumiendo que el salario real equilibra el mercado de trabajo, demostramos la inconsistencia lógica del análisis de Friedman: la verticalidad de la curva de Phillips sólo es posible si el desequilibrio en el mercado de trabajo no afecta al stock de capital de la economía. Finalmente, aplicamos nuestro hallazgo a la economía española (1960 - 2003), utilizando la metodología VAR, obteniendo que la curva de Phillips tiene pendiente negativa en el largo plazo.

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Article provided by Grupo (Universidad de Málaga) in its journal Contribuciones a la Economía.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 2007-12 (December)

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Handle: RePEc:erv:contri:y:2007:i:2007-12:2
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  1. Dolado, Juan J. & Jimeno, Juan F., 1997. "The causes of Spanish unemployment: A structural VAR approach," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(7), pages 1281-1307, July.
  2. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1973. "Some International Evidence on Output-Inflation Tradeoffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 326-34, June.
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  4. Mankiw, N. Gregory & Reis, Ricardo, 2002. "Sticky Information Versus Sticky Prices: A Proposal to Replace the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," Scholarly Articles 3415324, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  5. Thomas J. Sargent, 1973. "Rational Expectations, the Real Rate of Interest, and the Natural Rate of Unemployment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 4(2), pages 429-480.
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  9. Jordi Galí, 2000. "The return of the Phillips curve and other recent developments in business cycle theory," Spanish Economic Review, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-10.
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  11. Gómez García, F. & Rebollo Sanz, Y. & Usabiaga Ibáñez, C., 2002. "Nuevas estimaciones de la NAIRU de la economía española: métodos directos," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 20, pages 509-530, Diciembre.
  12. Eric Schaling, 1999. "The non-linear Phillips curve and inflation forecast targeting," Bank of England working papers 98, Bank of England.
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  14. repec:tpr:qjecon:v:107:y:1992:i:2:p:709-38 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-38, July.
  16. Beatriz Rodríguez Prado, 1995. "La tasa natural de desempleo en la economía española: un intento de cuantificación," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 3, pages 133-151, Junio.
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  1. Curva de Phillips in Wikipedia Spanish ne '')
  2. Milton Friedman in Wikipedia Spanish ne '')

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