IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/elt/journl/v76y2009i303p645-669.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

¿Existe discriminación salarial contra la población indígena en Chile?

Author

Listed:
  • Montero, Rodrigo

    (Universidad Diego Portales)

  • Garcés, Paz

    (Ministro de Hacienda, Chile)

Abstract

This paper presents empirical evidence on the existence of wage discrimination concerning indigenous population in Chile in the period 1996-2006, using data from the Casen survey. The results show that wage discrimination has remained stable during the last ten years (12%). Using bootstrapping techniques it is possible to construct a confidence interval for the wage discrimination measure, which allows to conclude that it is statistically significant. On the other hand, in the same period, the wage gap dropped from 32.5% to 24.9%, this decline is basically explained by the leveling of human capital endowment between the two groups. The estimations are sensitive to the correction for selection bias, which points out the relevance of including this variable in the wage gap decomposition.// En este artículo se presenta evidencia empírica respecto a la existencia de una discriminación salarial contra la población indígena en Chile para el periodo 1996-2006, con datos provenientes de la encuesta Casen. Los resultados muestran que la discriminación salarial he permanecido relativamente estable durante los pasados diez años, en torno de 12%. Mediante la aplicación de técnicas de bootstrapping es posible construir un intervalo de confianza para la medida de discriminación salarial, lo que permite concluir que ésta es estadísticamente significativa. Por su parte, en dicho periodo la brecha salarial pasó de 32.5 a 24.9%, disminución que se explica básicamente por la equiparación en la dotación de capital humano de ambos grupos. Las estimaciones son sensibles a la corrección por sesgo de selección, hecho que releva le importancia que tiene incorporar esta variable en la descomposición de brechas salariales.

Suggested Citation

  • Montero, Rodrigo & Garcés, Paz, 2009. "¿Existe discriminación salarial contra la población indígena en Chile?," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(303), pages 645-669, julio-sep.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:76:y:2009:i:303:p:645-669
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20430/ete.v76i303.492
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.eltrimestreeconomico.com.mx/index.php/te/article/view/492/530
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Juan Pablo Atal & Hugo R. Ñopo & Natalia Winder, 2009. "New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1131, Inter-American Development Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    descomposición salarial; discriminación; indígena; bootstrapping;

    JEL classification:

    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:76:y:2009:i:303:p:645-669. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rosa María González Mejía). General contact details of provider: http://www.fondodeculturaeconomica.com/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.