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¿Existe discriminación salarial contra la población indígena en Chile?


  • Montero, Rodrigo

    (Universidad Diego Portales)

  • Garcés, Paz

    (Ministro de Hacienda, Chile)


This paper presents empirical evidence on the existence of wage discrimination concerning indigenous population in Chile in the period 1996-2006, using data from the Casen survey. The results show that wage discrimination has remained stable during the last ten years (12%). Using bootstrapping techniques it is possible to construct a confidence interval for the wage discrimination measure, which allows to conclude that it is statistically significant. On the other hand, in the same period, the wage gap dropped from 32.5% to 24.9%, this decline is basically explained by the leveling of human capital endowment between the two groups. The estimations are sensitive to the correction for selection bias, which points out the relevance of including this variable in the wage gap decomposition.// En este artículo se presenta evidencia empírica respecto a la existencia de una discriminación salarial contra la población indígena en Chile para el periodo 1996-2006, con datos provenientes de la encuesta Casen. Los resultados muestran que la discriminación salarial he permanecido relativamente estable durante los pasados diez años, en torno de 12%. Mediante la aplicación de técnicas de bootstrapping es posible construir un intervalo de confianza para la medida de discriminación salarial, lo que permite concluir que ésta es estadísticamente significativa. Por su parte, en dicho periodo la brecha salarial pasó de 32.5 a 24.9%, disminución que se explica básicamente por la equiparación en la dotación de capital humano de ambos grupos. Las estimaciones son sensibles a la corrección por sesgo de selección, hecho que releva le importancia que tiene incorporar esta variable en la descomposición de brechas salariales.

Suggested Citation

  • Montero, Rodrigo & Garcés, Paz, 2009. "¿Existe discriminación salarial contra la población indígena en Chile?," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(303), pages 645-669, julio-sep.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:76:y:2009:i:303:p:645-669

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Pablo Atal & Hugo R. Ñopo & Natalia Winder, 2009. "New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1131, Inter-American Development Bank.

    More about this item


    descomposición salarial; discriminación; indígena; bootstrapping;

    JEL classification:

    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General


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