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Modelling the causes and impacts of personal safety perceptions on public transport ridership


  • Delbosc, Alexa
  • Currie, Graham


Fears about crime-related personal safety on public transport can have an important impact on ridership. A range of studies have examined different factors that influence perceptions of crime risk. This study uses structural equation modelling to explore the influences on perceptions of safety on public transport and the impact these perceptions have on ridership using a survey sample from Melbourne, Australia. The largest direct influences on feelings of safety on public transport were trust in others and feeling safe in one's home or on the street at night. Gender and age are commonly-cited influences in the literature but in this model their influence on feelings of safety was indirect. The total indirect effect of age was larger than the indirect effect of gender. Feelings of safety had a small but significant positive influence on how frequently people used public transport. This was slightly smaller than the negative effect of cars in the household but larger than the negative effect of distance from the city centre.

Suggested Citation

  • Delbosc, Alexa & Currie, Graham, 2012. "Modelling the causes and impacts of personal safety perceptions on public transport ridership," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 302-309.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:24:y:2012:i:c:p:302-309
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.09.009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia, 1997. "Inner-City Commercial Strips: Evolution, Decay – Retrofit?," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt7nb762k1, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Stradling, Stephen & Carreno, Michael & Rye, Tom & Noble, Allyson, 2007. "Passenger perceptions and the ideal urban bus journey experience," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 283-292, July.
    3. Graham Currie & Alexa Delbosc, 2010. "Modelling the social and psychological impacts of transport disadvantage," Transportation, Springer, vol. 37(6), pages 953-966, November.
    4. Toseland, Ronald W., 1982. "Fear of crime: Who is most vulnerable?," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 199-209.
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    Cited by:

    1. Houshmand E. Masoumi & Wolfgang Fastenmeier, 2016. "Perceptions of security in public transport systems of Germany: prospects for future research," Journal of Transportation Security, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 105-116, June.
    2. Ratanavaraha, Vatanavongs & Jomnonkwao, Sajjakaj & Khampirat, Buratin & Watthanaklang, Duangdao & Iamtrakul, Pawinee, 2016. "The complex relationship between school policy, service quality, satisfaction, and loyalty for educational tour bus services: A multilevel modeling approach," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 116-126.
    3. Verbich, David & El-Geneidy, Ahmed, 2016. "The pursuit of satisfaction: Variation in satisfaction with bus transit service among riders with encumbrances and riders with disabilities using a large-scale survey from London, UK," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 64-71.
    4. Jomnonkwao, Sajjakaj & Ratanavaraha, Vatanavongs, 2016. "Measurement modelling of the perceived service quality of a sightseeing bus service: An application of hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 240-252.
    5. Chowdhury, Subeh & Ceder, Avishai (Avi), 2016. "Users’ willingness to ride an integrated public-transport service: A literature review," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 183-195.
    6. repec:eee:trapol:v:61:y:2018:i:c:p:106-110 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Watthanaklang, Duangdao & Ratanavaraha, Vatanavongs & Chatpattananan, Vuttichai & Jomnonkwao, Sajjakaj, 2016. "Measuring the motivation to ride bicycles for tourism through a comparison of tourist attractions," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 153-163.
    8. Márquez, Luis & Cantillo, Víctor & Arellana, Julián, 2014. "How are comfort and safety perceived by inland waterway transport passengers?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 46-52.


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