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Enhancing Park and Ride with access control: A case study of Southampton


  • Hounsell, Nick
  • Shrestha, Birendra
  • Piao, Jinan


Implementing and promoting more sustainable forms of urban transport are key policies of Local Authorities throughout the UK. Park and Ride (P&R) is one such system implemented widely in the UK, especially in historic towns and cities with limited road and parking space in the centre. Some cities (e.g. Rome and London) have also implemented forms of 'access control' to reduce congestion and/or pollution in central areas. This paper describes a feasibility analysis of a unique application studied for potential implementation in Southampton--the integration of P&R with access control on a key corridor in Eastern Southampton where traffic demand is likely to increase significantly in the coming years because of new housing developments. The system concept is a P&R facility with express buses to the City centre, keeping the corridor free-flowing for these buses (and other traffic) using a combination of bus lanes and access control. Following an outline of the policy context and system design, this paper then describes the corridor and network modelling undertaken to predict the impacts of the scheme and alternatives of it. This has been based mainly on the CONTRAM dynamic traffic assignment model, which covers the whole of Southampton and its surrounding motorway network. The assessment of the benefits of the various options in this scheme showed that the combination of P&R with signalised access control was the best option to improve the movement of people on the corridor. The paper concludes with a discussion of potential issues for implementation, including the need for complimentary measures and a consistent policy framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Hounsell, Nick & Shrestha, Birendra & Piao, Jinan, 2011. "Enhancing Park and Ride with access control: A case study of Southampton," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 194-203, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:18:y:2011:i:1:p:194-203

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wall, Graham & McDonald, Mike, 2007. "Improving bus service quality and information in Winchester," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 165-179, March.
    2. Parkhurst, G., 2000. "Influence of bus-based park and ride facilities on users' car traffic," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 159-172, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yusuke Kono & Kenetsu Uchida & Katia Andrade, 2014. "Economical welfare maximisation analysis: assessing the use of existing Park-and-Ride services," Transportation, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 839-854, July.
    2. Du, Bo & Wang, David Z.W., 2014. "Continuum modeling of park-and-ride services considering travel time reliability and heterogeneous commuters – A linear complementarity system approach," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 58-81.
    3. Habibian, Meeghat & Kermanshah, Mohammad, 2013. "Coping with congestion: Understanding the role of simultaneous transportation demand management policies on commuters," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 229-237.
    4. Zhao, Hui & Yan, Xuedong & Gao, Ziyou, 2013. "Transportation serviceability analysis for metropolitan commuting corridors based on modal choice modeling," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 270-284.


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