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Network effects and total economic impact in transport appraisal

Author

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  • Laird, James J.
  • Nellthorp, John
  • Mackie, Peter J.

Abstract

It is sometimes claimed that transport infrastructure projects have network effects, which are not taken into account in the appraisal of these projects. This paper reviews the concept of network effects, relates this to transport appraisal practice, and links to the concept of 'total economic impact'. The limitations of transport modelling and appraisal in estimating total economic impact are reviewed. Good quality appraisals should be capable of picking up relevant network effects in the transport market, but the state of the art remains limited on the linkages between transport and the wider economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Laird, James J. & Nellthorp, John & Mackie, Peter J., 2005. "Network effects and total economic impact in transport appraisal," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(6), pages 537-544, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:12:y:2005:i:6:p:537-544
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gutiérrez, Javier & Condeço-Melhorado, Ana & Martín, Juan Carlos, 2010. "Using accessibility indicators and GIS to assess spatial spillovers of transport infrastructure investment," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 141-152.
    2. Peter Mackie & Daniel Graham & James Laird, 2011. "The Direct and Wider Impacts of Transport Projects: A Review," Chapters, in: André de Palma & Robin Lindsey & Emile Quinet & Roger Vickerman (ed.), A Handbook of Transport Economics, chapter 21, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Catalão, Francisco Pinheiro & Cruz, Carlos Oliveira & Sarmento, Joaquim Miranda, 2019. "The determinants of cost deviations and overruns in transport projects, an endogenous models approach," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 224-238.
    4. Gutiérrez, Javier & Condeço-Melhorado, Ana & López, Elena & Monzón, Andrés, 2011. "Evaluating the European added value of TEN-T projects: a methodological proposal based on spatial spillovers, accessibility and GIS," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 840-850.
    5. Vickerman, Roger, 2008. "Transit investment and economic development," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 107-115, January.
    6. Juan Carlos García-Palomares & Javier Gutiérrez & Juan Carlos Martín & Borja Moya-Gómez, 2018. "An analysis of the Spanish high capacity road network criticality," Transportation, Springer, vol. 45(4), pages 1139-1159, July.
    7. Riccardo Crescenzi & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2012. "Infrastructure and regional growth in the European Union," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 91(3), pages 487-513, August.
    8. Condeço-Melhorado, Ana & Tillema, Taede & de Jong, Tom & Koopal, Rogier, 2014. "Distributive effects of new highway infrastructure in the Netherlands: the role of network effects and spatial spillovers," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 96-105.
    9. Concepción Román, 2008. "Competencia intermodal en el corredor Madrid-Zaragoza-Barcelona ante la introducción del tren de alta velocidad," Economic Reports 11-08, FEDEA.
    10. Tovar, Beatriz & Hernández, Rubén & Rodríguez-Déniz, Héctor, 2015. "Container port competitiveness and connectivity: The Canary Islands main ports case," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 40-51.
    11. Tsamboulas, Dimitrios A., 2007. "A tool for prioritizing multinational transport infrastructure investments," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 11-26, January.
    12. Yi, Yoojin & Kim, Euijune, 2018. "Spatial economic impact of road and railroad accessibility on manufacturing output: Inter-modal relationship between road and railroad," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 144-153.
    13. Chikaraishi, Makoto & Jana, Arnab & Bardhan, Ronita & Varghese, Varun & Fujiwara, Akimasa, 2017. "A framework to analyze capability and travel in formal and informal urban settings: A case from Mumbai," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 101-110.
    14. Tsou, Ko-Wan & Cheng, Hao-Teng & Tseng, Fu-Yi, 2015. "Exploring the relationship between multilevel highway networks and local development patterns—a case study of Taiwan," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 160-170.
    15. Cárcamo-Díaz, Rodrigo, 2007. "Coordination of public expenditure in transport infrastructure: analysis and policy perspectives for Latin America," Macroeconomía del Desarrollo 56, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    16. Feuerstein, Lisa & Busacker, Torsten & Xu, Jingjing, 2018. "Factors influencing open access competition in the European long-distance passenger rail transport — A Delphi study," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 300-309.

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