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On the periodicity of traffic oscillations and capacity drop: The role of driver characteristics

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Listed:
  • Chen, Danjue
  • Ahn, Soyoung
  • Laval, Jorge
  • Zheng, Zuduo

Abstract

This paper shows that traffic hysteresis arises due to variable driver characteristics within each driver and has a profound reproducible impact on the periodicity and development of traffic oscillations and the bottleneck discharge rate. Following an oscillation, traffic initially exhibits lower density and flow; then it evolves toward and eventually exceeds the equilibrium, whereupon another oscillation is instigated by an aggressive driver(s) with relatively small response time and minimum spacing. Thereafter, traffic reverts to lower density and flow and repeats the evolutionary cycle. Aggressive driver behavior also leads to hysteresis loops that induce the upstream propagation of oscillations; with larger hysteresis loops inducing larger oscillation growth. Our finding also suggests that the bottleneck discharge rate can diminish by 8–23% when drivers adopt larger response times in reaction to disturbances. This finding suggests that existing capacity-drop theories, with lane-changes as the main factor, may be incomplete.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Danjue & Ahn, Soyoung & Laval, Jorge & Zheng, Zuduo, 2014. "On the periodicity of traffic oscillations and capacity drop: The role of driver characteristics," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 117-136.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:59:y:2014:i:c:p:117-136
    DOI: 10.1016/j.trb.2013.11.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Zhang, H.M. & Kim, T., 2005. "A car-following theory for multiphase vehicular traffic flow," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 385-399, June.
    2. Chen, Danjue & Laval, Jorge A. & Ahn, Soyoung & Zheng, Zuduo, 2012. "Microscopic traffic hysteresis in traffic oscillations: A behavioral perspective," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 46(10), pages 1440-1453.
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    6. Wong, G. C. K. & Wong, S. C., 2002. "A multi-class traffic flow model - an extension of LWR model with heterogeneous drivers," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 827-841, November.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sheu, Jiuh-Biing & Wu, Hsi-Jen, 2015. "Driver perception uncertainty in perceived relative speed and reaction time in car following – A quantum optical flow perspective," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 257-274.
    2. Oh, Simon & Yeo, Hwasoo, 2015. "Impact of stop-and-go waves and lane changes on discharge rate in recovery flow," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 88-102.
    3. Montanino, Marcello & Punzo, Vincenzo, 2015. "Trajectory data reconstruction and simulation-based validation against macroscopic traffic patterns," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 82-106.
    4. Han, Youngjun & Chen, Danjue & Ahn, Soyoung, 2017. "Variable speed limit control at fixed freeway bottlenecks using connected vehicles," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 113-134.
    5. Liu, Wei & Yin, Yafeng & Yang, Hai, 2015. "Effectiveness of variable speed limits considering commuters’ long-term response," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 81(P2), pages 498-519.
    6. repec:eee:transb:v:107:y:2018:i:c:p:146-166 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. He, Zhengbing & Zheng, Liang & Guan, Wei, 2015. "A simple nonparametric car-following model driven by field data," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 185-201.
    8. Saifuzzaman, Mohammad & Zheng, Zuduo & Mazharul Haque, Md. & Washington, Simon, 2015. "Revisiting the Task–Capability Interface model for incorporating human factors into car-following models," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 1-19.
    9. repec:eee:transb:v:108:y:2018:i:c:p:1-20 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:eee:transb:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:523-538 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Chen, Danjue & Ahn, Soyoung & Hegyi, Andreas, 2014. "Variable speed limit control for steady and oscillatory queues at fixed freeway bottlenecks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 340-358.
    12. repec:eee:phsmap:v:495:y:2018:i:c:p:278-293 is not listed on IDEAS

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