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A behavioral car-following model that captures traffic oscillations

Author

Listed:
  • Chen, Danjue
  • Laval, Jorge
  • Zheng, Zuduo
  • Ahn, Soyoung

Abstract

This paper presents a behavioral car-following model based on empirical trajectory data that is able to reproduce the spontaneous formation and ensuing propagation of stop-and-go waves in congested traffic. By analyzing individual drivers’ car-following behavior throughout oscillation cycles it is found that this behavior is consistent across drivers and can be captured by a simple model. The statistical analysis of the model’s parameters reveals that there is a strong correlation between driver behavior before and during the oscillation, and that this correlation should not be ignored if one is interested in microscopic output. If macroscopic outputs are of interest, simulation results indicate that an existing model with fewer parameters can be used instead. This is shown for traffic oscillations caused by rubbernecking as observed in the US 101 NGSIM dataset. The same experiment is used to establish the relationship between rubbernecking behavior and the period of oscillations.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Danjue & Laval, Jorge & Zheng, Zuduo & Ahn, Soyoung, 2012. "A behavioral car-following model that captures traffic oscillations," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 46(6), pages 744-761.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:46:y:2012:i:6:p:744-761
    DOI: 10.1016/j.trb.2012.01.009
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bilbao-Ubillos, Javier, 2008. "The costs of urban congestion: Estimation of welfare losses arising from congestion on cross-town link roads," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(8), pages 1098-1108, October.
    2. Zheng, Zuduo & Ahn, Soyoung & Chen, Danjue & Laval, Jorge, 2011. "Applications of wavelet transform for analysis of freeway traffic: Bottlenecks, transient traffic, and traffic oscillations," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 372-384, February.
    3. Ahn, Soyoung & Cassidy, Michael J. & Laval, Jorge, 2004. "Verification of a simplified car-following theory," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 431-440, June.
    4. Treiber, Martin & Kesting, Arne, 2011. "Evidence of convective instability in congested traffic flow: A systematic empirical and theoretical investigation," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(9), pages 1362-1377.
    5. Laval, Jorge A. & Daganzo, Carlos F., 2006. "Lane-changing in traffic streams," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 251-264, March.
    6. Newell, G. F., 2002. "A simplified car-following theory: a lower order model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 195-205, March.
    7. Li, Xiaopeng & Ouyang, Yanfeng, 2011. "Characterization of traffic oscillation propagation under nonlinear car-following laws," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(9), pages 1346-1361.
    8. Zheng, Zuduo & Ahn, Soyoung & Chen, Danjue & Laval, Jorge, 2011. "Freeway traffic oscillations: Microscopic analysis of formations and propagations using Wavelet Transform," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(9), pages 1378-1388.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Oh, Simon & Yeo, Hwasoo, 2015. "Impact of stop-and-go waves and lane changes on discharge rate in recovery flow," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 88-102.
    2. Siqueira, Adriano F. & Peixoto, Carlos J.T. & Wu, Chen & Qian, Wei-Liang, 2016. "Effect of stochastic transition in the fundamental diagram of traffic flow," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 1-13.
    3. Montanino, Marcello & Punzo, Vincenzo, 2015. "Trajectory data reconstruction and simulation-based validation against macroscopic traffic patterns," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 82-106.
    4. repec:eee:transb:v:107:y:2018:i:c:p:146-166 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:phsmap:v:483:y:2017:i:c:p:503-516 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Taylor, Jeffrey & Zhou, Xuesong & Rouphail, Nagui M. & Porter, Richard J., 2015. "Method for investigating intradriver heterogeneity using vehicle trajectory data: A Dynamic Time Warping approach," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 59-80.
    7. Laval, Jorge A. & Toth, Christopher S. & Zhou, Yi, 2014. "A parsimonious model for the formation of oscillations in car-following models," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 228-238.
    8. He, Zhengbing & Zheng, Liang & Guan, Wei, 2015. "A simple nonparametric car-following model driven by field data," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 185-201.
    9. Saifuzzaman, Mohammad & Zheng, Zuduo & Mazharul Haque, Md. & Washington, Simon, 2015. "Revisiting the Task–Capability Interface model for incorporating human factors into car-following models," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 1-19.
    10. Tian, Junfang & Li, Guangyu & Treiber, Martin & Jiang, Rui & Jia, Ning & Ma, Shoufeng, 2016. "Cellular automaton model simulating spatiotemporal patterns, phase transitions and concave growth pattern of oscillations in traffic flow," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 93(PA), pages 560-575.
    11. Chen, Danjue & Ahn, Soyoung & Laval, Jorge & Zheng, Zuduo, 2014. "On the periodicity of traffic oscillations and capacity drop: The role of driver characteristics," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 117-136.
    12. He, Sheng-Xue, 2016. "Will a higher free-flow speed lead us to a less congested freeway?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 17-38.
    13. Chen, Danjue & Ahn, Soyoung & Hegyi, Andreas, 2014. "Variable speed limit control for steady and oscillatory queues at fixed freeway bottlenecks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 340-358.

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