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Hysteresis in traffic flow revisited: An improved measurement method

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  • Laval, Jorge A.

Abstract

This paper presents new insights on the hysteresis phenomenon in congested freeway traffic. It is found that existing theories based on different driver behavior for acceleration and deceleration are incomplete. The data suggests that one needs to consider aggressive and timid driver behavior as well. These findings are based on an improved method for measuring traffic flow variables from trajectory data consistently with kinematic wave theory.

Suggested Citation

  • Laval, Jorge A., 2011. "Hysteresis in traffic flow revisited: An improved measurement method," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 385-391, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:45:y:2011:i:2:p:385-391
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cassidy, Michael J. & Bertini, Robert L., 1999. "Some traffic features at freeway bottlenecks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 25-42, February.
    2. Cassidy, Michael J., 1998. "Bivariate relations in nearly stationary highway traffic," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 49-59, January.
    3. Zhang, H. M., 1999. "A mathematical theory of traffic hysteresis," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 1-23, February.
    4. Muñoz, Juan Carlos & Daganzo, Carlos F., 2002. "The bottleneck mechanism of a freeway diverge," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 483-505, July.
    5. Daganzo, C. F. & Cassidy, M. J. & Bertini, R. L., 1999. "Possible explanations of phase transitions in highway traffic," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 365-379, June.
    6. Robert, Tim & Lin, Wei-Hua & Cassidy, Michael, 1999. "Validation of the Incremental Transfer Model," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt48s3v44r, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    7. Munoz, Juan Carlos & Daganzo, Carlos, 2000. "Experimental Characterization of Multi-Lane Freeway Traffic Upstream of an Off-Ramp Bottleneck," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt8635j1df, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    8. Hurdle, V. F. & Son, Bongsoo, 2000. "Road test of a freeway model," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 537-564, September.
    9. Lin, Wei-Hua & Lo, Hong K., 2003. "A theoretical probe of a German experiment on stationary moving traffic jams," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 251-261, March.
    10. Newell, G. F., 2002. "A simplified car-following theory: a lower order model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 195-205, March.
    11. Laval, Jorge A. & Leclercq, Ludovic, 2008. "Microscopic modeling of the relaxation phenomenon using a macroscopic lane-changing model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 511-522, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Siqueira, Adriano F. & Peixoto, Carlos J.T. & Wu, Chen & Qian, Wei-Liang, 2016. "Effect of stochastic transition in the fundamental diagram of traffic flow," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 1-13.
    2. Ai, Wen-Huan & Shi, Zhong-Ke & Liu, Da-Wei, 2015. "Bifurcation analysis of a speed gradient continuum traffic flow model," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 437(C), pages 418-429.
    3. Laval, Jorge A. & Toth, Christopher S. & Zhou, Yi, 2014. "A parsimonious model for the formation of oscillations in car-following models," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 228-238.
    4. Li, Xiaopeng & Wang, Xin & Ouyang, Yanfeng, 2012. "Prediction and field validation of traffic oscillation propagation under nonlinear car-following laws," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 409-423.
    5. Delpiano, Rafael & Laval, Jorge & Coeymans, Juan Enrique & Herrera, Juan Carlos, 2015. "The kinematic wave model with finite decelerations: A social force car-following model approximation," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 182-193.
    6. Saifuzzaman, Mohammad & Zheng, Zuduo & Mazharul Haque, Md. & Washington, Simon, 2015. "Revisiting the Task–Capability Interface model for incorporating human factors into car-following models," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 1-19.
    7. Li, Xiaopeng & Cui, Jianxun & An, Shi & Parsafard, Mohsen, 2014. "Stop-and-go traffic analysis: Theoretical properties, environmental impacts and oscillation mitigation," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 319-339.
    8. Chen, Danjue & Ahn, Soyoung & Laval, Jorge & Zheng, Zuduo, 2014. "On the periodicity of traffic oscillations and capacity drop: The role of driver characteristics," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 117-136.
    9. Zhou, Fang & Li, Xiaopeng & Ma, Jiaqi, 2017. "Parsimonious shooting heuristic for trajectory design of connected automated traffic part I: Theoretical analysis with generalized time geography," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 394-420.
    10. repec:eee:transb:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:328-339 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Wei, Dali & Liu, Hongchao, 2013. "Analysis of asymmetric driving behavior using a self-learning approach," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-14.
    12. Blandin, Sébastien & Argote, Juan & Bayen, Alexandre M. & Work, Daniel B., 2013. "Phase transition model of non-stationary traffic flow: Definition, properties and solution method," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 31-55.
    13. repec:eee:transb:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:523-538 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Xiqun (Michael) Chen & Zhiheng Li & Li Li & Qixin Shi, 2014. "A Traffic Breakdown Model Based on Queueing Theory," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 485-504, December.
    15. Yuan, Kai & Knoop, Victor L. & Hoogendoorn, Serge P., 2017. "A kinematic wave model in Lagrangian coordinates incorporating capacity drop: Application to homogeneous road stretches and discontinuities," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 465(C), pages 472-485.

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