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Solar-hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles

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  • DeLuchi, Mark A.
  • Ogden, Joan M.

Abstract

Hydrogen is an especially attractive transportation fuel. It is the least populating fuel available, and can be produced anywhere there is water and a clean source of electricity. A fuel cycle in which hydrogen is produced by solar-electrolysis of water, or by gasification of renewably grown biomass, and then used in a fuel-cell powered electric-motor vehicle (FCEV), would produce little or no local, regional or global pollution. Hydrogen FCEVs would combine the best features of battery-powered electric vehicles (BPEVS)-zero emissions, high efficiency, quiet operation and long life-with the long range and fast refueling time of internal-combustion-engine vehicles (ICEVs). If fuel-cell technology develops as hoped, then hydrogen FCEVs will be a significant advance over both hydrogen ICEVs and solar BPEVs: they will be cleaner and more efficient than hydrogen ICEVs, have a much shorter refueling time than BPEVs and have a lower life-cycle cost than both. Solar-hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles would be general-purpose zero-emission vehicles, and could be an important component of a strategy for reducing dependence on imported oil, mitigating global warming and improving urban air quality, at an acceptable cost.

Suggested Citation

  • DeLuchi, Mark A. & Ogden, Joan M., 1993. "Solar-hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 255-275, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:27:y:1993:i:3:p:255-275
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Williams, Brett D, 2010. "Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles: "Mobile Electricity" Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt15f9495j, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Johansson, Bengt & Mårtensson, Anders, 2000. "Energy and environmental costs for electric vehicles using CO2-neutral electricity in Sweden," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 777-792.
    3. Farrell, Alexander E. & Keith, David W. & Corbett, James J., 2003. "A strategy for introducing hydrogen into transportation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(13), pages 1357-1367, October.
    4. Johansson, Bengt, 1998. "Will new technology be sufficient to solve the problem of air pollution caused by Swedish road transport?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 213-221, October.
    5. Williams, Brett D & Kurani, Kenneth S, 2007. "Commercializing light-duty plug-in/plug-out hydrogen-fuel-cell vehicles: “Mobile Electricity†technologies and opportunities," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt34x5p0kn, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    6. Trainer, FE, 1995. "Can renewable energy sources sustain affluent society?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(12), pages 1009-1026, December.
    7. Moomaw, William R, 1996. "Industrial emissions of greenhouse gases," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(10-11), pages 951-968.
    8. McIlveen-Wright, D.R & Williams, B.C & McMullan, J.T, 2000. "Wood gasification integrated with fuel cells," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 223-228.
    9. Kazim, Ayoub, 2003. "Introduction of PEM fuel-cell vehicles in the transportation sector of the United Arab Emirates," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 74(1-2), pages 125-133, January.
    10. Williams, Brett D, 2007. "Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles:“Mobile Electricity†Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt16k010cq, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    11. Takeshita, Takayuki & Yamaji, Kenji, 2008. "Important roles of Fischer-Tropsch synfuels in the global energy future," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 2791-2802, August.
    12. Dargay, Joyce & Gately, Dermot, 1997. "Vehicle ownership to 2015: Implications for energy use and emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(14-15), pages 1121-1127, December.
    13. Lenssen, Nicholas & Flavin, Christopher, 1996. "Sustainable energy for tomorrow's world : The case for an optimistic view of the future," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(9), pages 769-781, September.
    14. Williams, Brett D, 2007. "Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles:“Mobile Electricity†Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt4kv151dp, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.

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