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European tourism policy: Its evolution and structure


  • Estol, Judith
  • Font, Xavier


This article reviews the procedural complexity of tourism policy-making by the European Commission leading up to the 2010 Communication. Initially, the European Commission had to present interventions affecting tourism as a community action or measure; intended to assist in the implementation of the Internal Market. Later, integration of the sustainable development principle into European Treaties established a framework for governance and a foundation for tourism policy, and the Lisbon Treaty in 2007 established a European policy that explicitly related to tourism, albeit a complementary competence in character. This article highlights a lack of leadership from the Member States throughout the process and contrasts this with the self-serving, driving force of the Commission in making tourism policy that focuses primarily on promotional actions. Consequently, the Commission has not created a robust, dynamic, flexible European model for tourism, designed in a way to best serve the needs of the Member States.

Suggested Citation

  • Estol, Judith & Font, Xavier, 2016. "European tourism policy: Its evolution and structure," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 230-241.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:touman:v:52:y:2016:i:c:p:230-241
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2015.06.007

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Garrett, Geoffrey, 1992. "International cooperation and institutional choice: the European Community's internal market," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 46(2), pages 533-560, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yang, Jun & Ge, Yuting & Ge, Quansheng & Xi, Jianchao & Li, Xueming, 2016. "Determinants of island tourism development: The example of Dachangshan Island," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 261-271.
    2. Marko D. Petrović & Aleksandra Vujko & Tamara Gajić & Darko B. Vuković & Milan Radovanović & Jasmina M. Jovanović & Natalia Vuković, 2017. "Tourism as an Approach to Sustainable Rural Development in Post-Socialist Countries: A Comparative Study of Serbia and Slovenia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(1), pages 1-14, December.
    3. Kuo-Tsang Huang & Jen Chun Wang, 2015. "Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Tourism-Based Leisure Farms in Taiwan," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(8), pages 1-18, August.
    4. Mitra, Subrata Kumar & Chattopadhyay, Manojit & Jana, R.K., 2019. "Spillover analysis of tourist movements within Europe," Annals of Tourism Research, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).
    5. Milena Nedeljković Knežević & Marko D. Petrović & Slađana Nedeljković & Maja Mijatov & Milan M. Radovanović & Mirjana Gajić & Miroslav Škoda, 2019. "Changes in Traditional Activities of Industrial Area toward Sustainable Tourism Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(22), pages 1-16, November.
    6. Hjalager, Anne-Mette, 2020. "Land-use conflicts in coastal tourism and the quest for governance innovations," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 94(C).
    7. Carlos J. Pardo Abad & José Fernández Álvarez, 2020. "Landscape as Digital Content and a Smart Tourism Resource in the Mining Area of Cartagena-La Unión (Spain)," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(4), pages 1-21, April.
    8. Anestis Fotiadis & Guych Nuryyev & Jennet Achyldurdyyeva & Anastasia Spyridou, 2019. "The Impact of EU Sponsorship, Size, and Geographic Characteristics on Rural Tourism Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(8), pages 1-15, April.


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