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Business cycle synchronization in a simple Keynesian macro-model with socially transmitted economic sentiment and international sentiment spill-over

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  • Hohnisch, Martin
  • Westerhoff, Frank

Abstract

We propose a simple Keynesian business cycle model in which national income expectations of heterogeneous interacting investors affect their investment decisions. The investors' expectation formation is influenced by their sentiment: investors who hold optimistic views about the future state of the economy expect a higher aggregate demand in the following period and thus invest more than pessimistic investors. The investors' sentiment is, in turn, subject to socio-economic interactions. Simulations show that our model has the potential to generate complex business cycle dynamics. Based on that framework, we provide a three-country model of business cycle synchronization in which spill-over effects on the level of sentiment synchronize national cycles, provided that investors believe that the economies are indeed coupled.

Suggested Citation

  • Hohnisch, Martin & Westerhoff, Frank, 2008. "Business cycle synchronization in a simple Keynesian macro-model with socially transmitted economic sentiment and international sentiment spill-over," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 249-259, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:streco:v:19:y:2008:i:3:p:249-259
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Frankel, Jeffrey A & Rose, Andrew K, 1998. "The Endogeneity of the Optimum Currency Area Criteria," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(449), pages 1009-1025, July.
    2. Lux, Thomas, 2009. "Rational forecasts or social opinion dynamics? Identification of interaction effects in a business climate survey," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 638-655, November.
    3. Alfarano, Simone & Lux, Thomas & Wagner, Friedrich, 2008. "Time variation of higher moments in a financial market with heterogeneous agents: An analytical approach," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 101-136, January.
    4. Frank Westerhoff & Martin Hohnisch, 2007. "A note on interactions-driven business cycles," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 2(1), pages 85-91, June.
    5. Chiarella,Carl & Flaschel,Peter & Franke,Reiner, 2011. "Foundations for a Disequilibrium Theory of the Business Cycle," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521369923, April.
    6. Frank Westerhoff, 2006. "Samuelson's multiplier-accelerator model revisited," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 89-92.
    7. Michela Nardo, 2003. "The Quantification of Qualitative Survey Data : A Critical Assessment," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(5), pages 645-668, December.
    8. Reiner Franke, 2007. "Estimation of a Microfounded Herding Model On German Survey Expectations," Working Papers wp07-07, Warwick Business School, Finance Group.
    9. Lux, Thomas, 1995. "Herd Behaviour, Bubbles and Crashes," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(431), pages 881-896, July.
    10. Simone Alfarano & Thomas Lux & Friedrich Wagner, 2005. "Estimation of Agent-Based Models: The Case of an Asymmetric Herding Model," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 26(1), pages 19-49, August.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Frank Westerhoff & Martin Hohnisch, 2010. "Consumer sentiment and countercyclical fiscal policies," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(5), pages 609-618.
    2. Di Guilmi, Corrado & He, Xue-Zhong & Li, Kai, 2014. "Herding, trend chasing and market volatility," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 349-373.
    3. Franke Reiner, 2012. "Microfounded Animal Spirits in the New Macroeconomic Consensus," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(4), pages 1-41, October.
    4. Gaffeo, Edoardo & Canzian, Giulia, 2011. "The psychology of inflation, monetary policy and macroeconomic instability," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 660-670.
    5. Kai Li, 2014. "Asset Price Dynamics with Heterogeneous Beliefs and Time Delays," PhD Thesis, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney, number 13, June.

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