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The impact of organisational factors on career pathways for female coaches


  • Greenhill, Jeff
  • Auld, Chris
  • Cuskelly, Graham
  • Hooper, Sue


Government and sport organisations have spent considerable resources on increasing the number of female coaches in sport, yet women are still significantly under-represented in this sector. Research directed towards understanding why females remain involved in coaching in the Australian sport system has tended to focus on individual barriers and motivations, with generally less attention given to the organisational setting in which coaches work. To examine why there continues to be low numbers of female coaches in elite sport, Kanter's (Kanter, R. M. (1977). Men and women of the corporation. New York: Basic) organisational theory of homologous reproduction was used to guide a case study of a state sport organisation (SSO). Results indicated that organisational strategies, prevailing hegemonic masculinity, and systemic barriers in the SSO were sustaining male coaching dominance in the organisation whilst marginalizing women.

Suggested Citation

  • Greenhill, Jeff & Auld, Chris & Cuskelly, Graham & Hooper, Sue, 2009. "The impact of organisational factors on career pathways for female coaches," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 229-240, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:12:y:2009:i:4:p:229-240

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Leonard, Jonathan S, 1989. "Women and Affirmative Action," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(1), pages 61-75, Winter.
    2. Dixon, Marlene A. & Bruening, Jennifer E., 2006. "Retaining Quality Workers: A Case Study of Work-Family Conflict," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 79-103, May.
    3. Schulz, John & Auld, Christopher, 2006. "Perceptions of Role Ambiguity by Chairpersons and Executive Directors in Queensland Sporting Organisations," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 183-201, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hancock, Meg G. & Hums, Mary A., 2016. "A “leaky pipeline”?: Factors affecting the career development of senior-level female administrators in NCAA Division I athletic departments," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 198-210.
    2. Dawson, Andrew & Phillips, Pamm, 2013. "Coach career development: Who is responsible?," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 477-487.
    3. Schlesinger, T. & Klenk, C. & Nagel, S., 2015. "How do sport clubs recruit volunteers? Analyzing and developing a typology of decision-making processes on recruiting volunteers in sport clubs," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 193-206.


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