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CEO Pay Slice as a measure of CEO dominance


  • Zagonov, Maxim
  • Salganik-Shoshan, Galla


CEO Pay Slice (CPS), a measure of CEO relative compensation introduced by Bebchuk, Cremers and Peyer [2011. Journal of Financial Economics 102, 199–221], is used widely in the literature as a proxy for chief executive officer dominance. Nonetheless, CPS does not control for the distribution of pay among the top executives and, as we show empirically, often misestimates the level of CEO power. As a result, its empirical application exposes researchers to the risk of drawing false conclusions. We propose a number of supplementary measures that could be used in conjunction with CPS to improve the measurement accuracy of CEO dominance.

Suggested Citation

  • Zagonov, Maxim & Salganik-Shoshan, Galla, 2018. "CEO Pay Slice as a measure of CEO dominance," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 571-576.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:riibaf:v:45:y:2018:i:c:p:571-576
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ribaf.2017.07.092

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Papke, Leslie E. & Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2008. "Panel data methods for fractional response variables with an application to test pass rates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 145(1-2), pages 121-133, July.
    2. Choe, Chongwoo & Tian, Gloria Y. & Yin, Xiangkang, 2014. "CEO power and the structure of CEO pay," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 237-248.
    3. Jayant R. Kale & Ebru Reis & Anand Venkateswaran, 2009. "Rank-Order Tournaments and Incentive Alignment: The Effect on Firm Performance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 64(3), pages 1479-1512, June.
    4. Renée B. Adams & Heitor Almeida & Daniel Ferreira, 2005. "Powerful CEOs and Their Impact on Corporate Performance," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 18(4), pages 1403-1432.
    5. Liu, Yixin & Jiraporn, Pornsit, 2010. "The effect of CEO power on bond ratings and yields," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 744-762, September.
    6. Yuk Ying Chang & Sudipto Dasgupta & Gilles Hilary, 2010. "CEO Ability, Pay, and Firm Performance," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 56(10), pages 1633-1652, October.
    7. Chen, Zhihong & Huang, Yuan & Wei, K. C. John, 2013. "Executive Pay Disparity and the Cost of Equity Capital," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 48(03), pages 849-885, June.
    8. Ing-Haw Cheng & Harrison Hong & José A. Scheinkman, 2015. "Yesterday's Heroes: Compensation and Risk at Financial Firms," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 70(2), pages 839-879, April.
    9. Jiraporn, P. & Chintrakarn, P., 2013. "How do powerful CEOs view corporate social responsibility (CSR)? An empirical note," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 119(3), pages 344-347.
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    More about this item


    Corporate governance; Executive compensation; Entrenchment; Pay distribution;

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods


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