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CEO Ability, Pay, and Firm Performance

Author

Listed:
  • Gilles Hilary

    () (GREGH - Groupement de Recherche et d'Etudes en Gestion à HEC - HEC Paris - Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Y. Y. Chang

    (School of Economics and Finance - Massey University)

  • Sudipto Dasgupta

    (HKUST - Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)

Abstract

Do chief executive officers (CEOs) really matter? Do cross-sectional differences in firm performance and CEO pay reflect differences in CEO ability? Examining CEO departures over 1992-2002, we first find that the stock price reaction upon departure is negatively related to the firm's prior performance and to the CEO's prior pay. Second, the CEO's subsequent labor market success is greater if the firm's predeparture performance is better, the prior pay is higher, and the stock market's reaction is more negative. Finally, better prior performance, higher prior pay, and a more negative stock market reaction are associated with worse postdeparture firm performance. Collectively, these results reject the view that differences in firm performance stem entirely from non-CEO factors such as the firms' assets, other employees, or "luck," and that CEO pay is unrelated to the CEO's contribution to firm value.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilles Hilary & Y. Y. Chang & Sudipto Dasgupta, 2010. "CEO Ability, Pay, and Firm Performance," Post-Print hal-00585950, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00585950
    DOI: 10.1287/mnsc.1100.1205
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-hec.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00585950
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Albuquerque, Ana M. & De Franco, Gus & Verdi, Rodrigo S., 2013. "Peer choice in CEO compensation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 160-181.
    2. Custódio, Cláudia & Ferreira, Miguel A. & Matos, Pedro, 2013. "Generalists versus specialists: Lifetime work experience and chief executive officer pay," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 471-492.
    3. Kick, Thomas & Nehring, Inge & Schertler, Andrea, 2017. "Do all new brooms sweep clean? Evidence for outside bank appointments," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 135-151.
    4. repec:eee:corfin:v:48:y:2018:i:c:p:428-441 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Aktas, Nihat & de Bodt, Eric & Roll, Richard, 2013. "Learning from repetitive acquisitions: Evidence from the time between deals," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 99-117.
    6. Edmans, Alex & Gabaix, Xavier, 2010. "Risk and CEO Market: Why Do Some Large Firms Hire Highly-Paid, Low-Talent CEOs?," Working Papers 10-17, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center.
    7. Besters, Lucas, 2018. "Economics of professional football," Other publications TiSEM d9e6b9b7-a17b-4665-9cca-1, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    8. Tian, Gloria Y. & Yang, Fan, 2014. "CEO incentive compensation in U.S. financial institutions," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 64-75.
    9. repec:eee:jbrese:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:107-122 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:spr:jecfin:v:42:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s12197-017-9390-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Edmans, Alex & Gabaix, Xavier, 2010. "Risk and the CEO Market: Why Do Some Large Firms Hire Highly-Paid, Low-Talent CEOs?," CEPR Discussion Papers 7836, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. Lucas M. Besters & Jan C. Ours & Martin A. Tuijl, 2016. "Effectiveness of In-Season Manager Changes in English Premier League Football," De Economist, Springer, vol. 164(3), pages 335-356, September.
    13. Wooseok Choi & Sam Han & Sung Hwan Jung & Tony Kang, 2015. "CEO's Operating Ability and the Association between Accruals and Future Cash Flows," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(5-6), pages 619-634, June.
    14. Bebchuk, Lucian A. & Cremers, K.J. Martijn & Peyer, Urs C., 2011. "The CEO pay slice," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(1), pages 199-221, October.
    15. repec:eee:advacc:v:38:y:2017:i:c:p:126-135 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Betzer, André & Ibel, Maximilian & Lee, Hye Seung & Limbach, Peter & Salas, Jesus M., 2016. "Are generalists beneficial to corporate shareholders? Evidence from sudden deaths," CFR Working Papers 16-12, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    17. Fong, Eric A. & Xing, Xuejing & Orman, Wafa Hakim & Mackenzie, William I., 2015. "Consequences of deviating from predicted CEO labor market compensation on long-term firm value," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 299-305.
    18. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:49:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11156-017-0615-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Golubov, Andrey & Yawson, Alfred & Zhang, Huizhong, 2015. "Extraordinary acquirers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(2), pages 314-330.
    20. repec:eee:riibaf:v:45:y:2018:i:c:p:571-576 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Balafas, Nikolaos & Florackis, Chris, 2014. "CEO compensation and future shareholder returns: Evidence from the London Stock Exchange," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 97-115.
    22. Cheung, Kwok Tong Samuel & Naidu, Dharmendra & Navissi, Farshid & Ranjeeni, Kumari, 2017. "Valuing talent: Do CEOs' ability and discretion unambiguously increase firm performance," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 15-35.
    23. Ang, James & de Jong, Abe & van der Poel, Marieke, 2014. "Does familiarity with business segments affect CEOs' divestment decisions?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 58-74.
    24. Choe, Chongwoo & Tian, Gloria Y. & Yin, Xiangkang, 2014. "CEO power and the structure of CEO pay," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 237-248.
    25. André Betzer & Maximilian Ibel & Hye Seung (Grace) Lee & Peter Limbach & Jesus M. Salas, 2017. "Are Generalists Beneficial to Corporate Shareholders? Evidence from Sudden Deaths," Schumpeter Discussion Papers SDP16009, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.

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