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Does trade liberalization increase global pollution?

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  • Beladi, Hamid
  • Oladi, Reza

Abstract

In this paper we consider a simple duopoly market in which a home firm and a foreign firm use labor to produce an identical product and supply it to the home market. Firms emit pollution as a by-product of production. We show conditions under which international trade liberalization decreases (increases) the global pollution.

Suggested Citation

  • Beladi, Hamid & Oladi, Reza, 2011. "Does trade liberalization increase global pollution?," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 172-178, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:resene:v:33:y:2011:i:1:p:172-178
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    10. Pethig, Rudiger, 1976. "Pollution, welfare, and environmental policy in the theory of Comparative Advantage," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 160-169, February.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Caplan, Arthur J. & Oladi, Reza, 2018. "Green competition, hybrid equilibrium, and establishment of a resale market," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 259-269.
    2. Kolcava, Dennis & Nguyen, Quynh & Bernauer, Thomas, 2019. "Does trade liberalization lead to environmental burden shifting in the global economy?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 163(C), pages 98-112.
    3. Hamid Beladi & Lu Liu & Reza Oladi, 2011. "A Holistic View of Trade, Pollution Permits and Abatement," Working Papers 0002, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio.
    4. Fozia Latif Gill & K Kuperan Viswanathan & Mohd Zaini Abdul Karim, 2018. "The Critical Review of the Pollution Haven Hypothesis (PHH)," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 8(1), pages 167-174.
    5. Jing Tian & Hua Liao & Ce Wang, 2015. "Spatial–temporal variations of embodied carbon emission in global trade flows: 41 economies and 35 sectors," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 78(2), pages 1125-1144, September.
    6. Takauchi, Kazuhiro & Mizuno, Tomomichi, 2019. "Solving a hold-up problem may harm all firms: Downstream R&D and transport-price contracts," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 29-49.
    7. Michaël Aklin, 2016. "Re-exploring the Trade and Environment Nexus Through the Diffusion of Pollution," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 64(4), pages 663-682, August.
    8. Erdogan, Ayse M., 2014. "Bilateral trade and the environment: A general equilibrium model based on new trade theory," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 52-71.
    9. Wan, Rui & Nakada, Minoru & Takarada, Yasuhiro, 2018. "Trade liberalization in environmental goods," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 44-66.
    10. Oladi, Reza & Caplan, Arthur J. & Gilbert, John, 2018. "Sequestration and the engagement of developing economies in a global carbon market," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 50-63.

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