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Energy use embodied in China׳s construction industry: A multi-regional input–output analysis

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  • Hong, Jingke
  • Shen, Geoffrey Qiping
  • Guo, Shan
  • Xue, Fan
  • Zheng, Wei

Abstract

The rapid urbanization process was bound to produce considerable energy demand in China, which increased the pressure on sustainable development. This study employed a multi-regional input–output model to investigate energy use embodied in the consumption and interregional trade of China׳s construction industry. Results show that as a typical demand-driven sector, the construction industry consumed 793.74 million tons of coal equivalent in 2007, which is equal to 29.6% of China׳s total national energy consumption. Regions have been divided according to different driving forces for energy increment. Shanxi, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Henan, and Sichuan were identified to be driven by their extensive construction activities and inefficient construction process. Interregional imports of the construction industry represented a resource-dependent geographical distribution. Energy flows are from resource-abundant areas in the central part to resource-deficient areas in the eastern coast. By contrast, energy exports represented a regional discrete distribution, which mainly transferred energy in the form of labor mobility and service supply. This study provided insight into the current energy consumption status of provincial construction industry from both regional and sectoral perspectives, which can be a basis for energy policy making and implementation.

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  • Hong, Jingke & Shen, Geoffrey Qiping & Guo, Shan & Xue, Fan & Zheng, Wei, 2016. "Energy use embodied in China׳s construction industry: A multi-regional input–output analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1303-1312.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:53:y:2016:i:c:p:1303-1312
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.068
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    5. Tang, Miaohan & Hong, Jingke & Liu, Guiwen & Shen, Geoffrey Qiping, 2019. "Exploring energy flows embodied in China's economy from the regional and sectoral perspectives via combination of multi-regional input–output analysis and a complex network approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 170(C), pages 1191-1201.
    6. Liu, Bin & Zhang, Lei & Sun, Jide & Wang, Dedong & Liu, Chunlu & Luther, Mark & Xu, Youquan, 2020. "Analysis and comparison of embodied energies in gross exports of the construction sector by means of their value-added origins," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 191(C).
    7. Lai, Xiaodong & Liu, Jixian & Shi, Qian & Georgiev, Georgi & Wu, Guangdong, 2017. "Driving forces for low carbon technology innovation in the building industry: A critical review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 299-315.
    8. Wu, X.F. & Chen, G.Q., 2017. "Energy use by Chinese economy: A systems cross-scale input-output analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 81-90.
    9. Sun, Xudong & Li, Jiashuo & Qiao, Han & Zhang, Bo, 2017. "Energy implications of China's regional development: New insights from multi-regional input-output analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 196(C), pages 118-131.
    10. Yingjian, Li & Abakr, Yousif A. & Qi, Qiu & Xinkui, You & Jiping, Zhou, 2016. "Energy efficiency assessment of fixed asset investment projects – A case study of a Shenzhen combined-cycle power plant," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1195-1208.
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    12. Bai, Hongtao & Feng, Xiangyu & Hou, Huimin & He, Gang & Dong, Yan & Xu, He, 2018. "Mapping inter-industrial CO2 flows within China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 400-408.
    13. Gao, Cuixia & Su, Bin & Sun, Mei & Zhang, Xiaoling & Zhang, Zhonghua, 2018. "Interprovincial transfer of embodied primary energy in China: A complex network approach," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 215(C), pages 792-807.
    14. Ma, Jia-Jun & Du, Gang & Xie, Bai-Chen, 2019. "CO2 emission changes of China's power generation system: Input-output subsystem analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 1-12.
    15. Geng, Aixin & Yang, Hongqiang & Chen, Jiaxin & Hong, Yinxing, 2017. "Review of carbon storage function of harvested wood products and the potential of wood substitution in greenhouse gas mitigation," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(P1), pages 192-200.
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    17. Liu, Li-Jing & Liang, Qiao-Mei & Creutzig, Felix & Ward, Hauke & Zhang, Kun, 2020. "Sweet spots are in the food system: Structural adjustments to co-control regional pollutants and national GHG emissions in China," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 171(C).
    18. Tian, Xu & Chen, Bin & Geng, Yong & Zhong, Shaozhuo & Gao, Cuixia & Wilson, Jeffrey & Cui, Xiaowei & Dou, Yi, 2019. "Energy footprint pathways of China," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 180(C), pages 330-340.
    19. Wen, Quan & Hong, Jingke & Liu, Guiwen & Xu, Pengpeng & Tang, Miaohan & Li, Zhongfu, 2020. "Regional efficiency disparities in China’s construction sector: A combination of multiregional input–output and data envelopment analyses," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 257(C).
    20. Zhang, Bo & Qu, Xue & Meng, Jing & Sun, Xudong, 2017. "Identifying primary energy requirements in structural path analysis: A case study of China 2012," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 191(C), pages 425-435.
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    22. Guo, Shan & Zheng, Shupeng & Hu, Yunhao & Hong, Jingke & Wu, Xiaofang & Tang, Miaohan, 2019. "Embodied energy use in the global construction industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 256(C).

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