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A review on emission analysis in cement industries


  • Ali, M.B.
  • Saidur, R.
  • Hossain, M.S.


The cement subsector consumes approximately 12-15% of the total industrial energy use. Therefore, this subsector releases CO2 emissions to the atmosphere as a result of burning fossil fuels to produce energy needed for the cement manufacturing process. The cement industry contributes about 7% of the total worldwide CO2 emissions. This study complied a comprehensive literature in terms of Thesis (MS and PhD), peer reviewed journals papers, conference proceedings, books, reports, websites for emission generation and mitigation technique. Emission released associated with the burning of fuels have been presented in this paper. Different sources of emissions in a cement industry has been identified and presented in this study. Different techniques to reduce CO2 emissions from the cement manufacturing industries are reviewed and presented in this paper. The major techniques are: capture and storage CO2 emissions, reducing clinker/cement ratio by replacing clinker with different of additives and using alternative fuels instead of fossil fuels. Apart from these techniques, various energy savings measures in cement industries expected to reduce indirect emissions released to the atmosphere. Based on review results it was found that sizeable amount of emission can be mitigated using different techniques and energy savings measures.

Suggested Citation

  • Ali, M.B. & Saidur, R. & Hossain, M.S., 2011. "A review on emission analysis in cement industries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 2252-2261, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:5:p:2252-2261

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Yeonbae Kim & Ernst Worrell, 2002. "CO 2 Emission Trends in the Cement Industry: An International Comparison," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 115-133, June.
    2. Worrell, Ernst & Martin, Nathan & Price, Lynn, 2000. "Potentials for energy efficiency improvement in the US cement industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 1189-1214.
    3. Mokrzycki, Eugeniusz & Uliasz-Bochenczyk, Alicja & Sarna, Mieczyslaw, 2003. "Use of alternative fuels in the Polish cement industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 74(1-2), pages 101-111, January.
    4. Anderson, Soren T. & Newell, Richard G., 2003. "Prospects for Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies," Discussion Papers 10879, Resources for the Future.
    5. Xu, Tengfang & Flapper, Joris, 2009. "Energy use and implications for efficiency strategies in global fluid-milk processing industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5334-5341, December.
    6. Kabir, G. & Abubakar, A.I. & El-Nafaty, U.A., 2010. "Energy audit and conservation opportunities for pyroprocessing unit of a typical dry process cement plant," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 1237-1243.
    7. Hasanbeigi, Ali & Menke, Christoph & Therdyothin, Apichit, 2010. "The use of conservation supply curves in energy policy and economic analysis: The case study of Thai cement industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 392-405, January.
    8. Mokrzycki, Eugeniusz & Uliasz- Bochenczyk, Alicja, 2003. "Alternative fuels for the cement industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 74(1-2), pages 95-100, January.
    9. Oh, Tick Hui & Chua, Shing Chyi, 2010. "Energy efficiency and carbon trading potential in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(7), pages 2095-2103, September.
    10. Hasanbeigi, Ali & Price, Lynn & Lu, Hongyou & Lan, Wang, 2010. "Analysis of energy-efficiency opportunities for the cement industry in Shandong Province, China: A case study of 16 cement plants," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 3461-3473.
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    1. Jamshidi, Ali & Kurumisawa, Kiyofumi & Nawa, Toyoharu & Igarashi, Toshifumi, 2016. "Performance of pavements incorporating waste glass: The current state of the art," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 211-236.
    2. Hurmekoski, Elias & Jonsson, Ragnar & Nord, Tomas, 2015. "Context, drivers, and future potential for wood-frame multi-story construction in Europe," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 181-196.
    3. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:4091-4099 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Shen, Weiguo & Cao, Liu & Li, Qiu & Zhang, Wensheng & Wang, Guiming & Li, Chaochao, 2015. "Quantifying CO2 emissions from China’s cement industry," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1004-1012.
    5. repec:eee:energy:v:140:y:2017:i:p1:p:1148-1157 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Siddique, Abu Raihan Mohammad & Mahmud, Shohel & Heyst, Bill Van, 2017. "A review of the state of the science on wearable thermoelectric power generators (TEGs) and their existing challenges," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 730-744.
    7. Aranda Usón, Alfonso & López-Sabirón, Ana M. & Ferreira, Germán & Llera Sastresa, Eva, 2013. "Uses of alternative fuels and raw materials in the cement industry as sustainable waste management options," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 242-260.
    8. Li, Jia & Tharakan, Pradeep & Macdonald, Douglas & Liang, Xi, 2013. "Technological, economic and financial prospects of carbon dioxide capture in the cement industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1377-1387.
    9. Oh, Da-Young & Noguchi, Takafumi & Kitagaki, Ryoma & Park, Won-Jun, 2014. "CO2 emission reduction by reuse of building material waste in the Japanese cement industry," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 796-810.
    10. repec:eee:rensus:v:74:y:2017:i:c:p:522-537 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Mikulčić, Hrvoje & Vujanović, Milan & Duić, Neven, 2013. "Reducing the CO2 emissions in Croatian cement industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 41-48.
    12. Shen, Lei & Gao, Tianming & Zhao, Jianan & Wang, Limao & Wang, Lan & Liu, Litao & Chen, Fengnan & Xue, Jingjing, 2014. "Factory-level measurements on CO2 emission factors of cement production in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 337-349.
    13. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:618-628 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:1162-1174 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Cement industry CO2 emissions Emission reductions;

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