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Biogas: A promising renewable technology and its impact on rural households in Nepal


  • Katuwal, Hari
  • Bohara, Alok K.


Nepal, one of the least developed countries, is characterized by very low per capita energy consumption. Because of a lack of other commercial sources of energy, the country relies heavily on traditional fuel source, especially firewood. In order to solve the energy problem in rural areas, the country initiated production and distribution of several renewable energy technologies. Among several technologies, biogas has been proved to be viable and emerged as a promising technology. It has been one of the most successful models for the production of clean, environmental friendly, cost effective source of energy and has multiple benefits. In this paper we present the current state and discuss benefits of the biogas technology in Nepal. Improved health, increased crop productivity, saved time for women are some of the major benefits to the users. It provides economic benefit to the country through reduced deforestation and carbon trading. In addition, by reducing green house gas emission, the technology helps in mitigating global warming and climate change. Thus biogas is a renewable, sustainable and clean source of energy that provides multiple benefits; locally and globally. With some exception, cattle dung has been used primarily as an input and the technology is limited to households only. More systematic and comprehensive study supported by research and development is required to use other degradable waste such as municipal waste to produce biogas on a large scale.

Suggested Citation

  • Katuwal, Hari & Bohara, Alok K., 2009. "Biogas: A promising renewable technology and its impact on rural households in Nepal," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(9), pages 2668-2674, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:13:y:2009:i:9:p:2668-2674

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Omer, A.M. & Fadalla, Y., 2003. "Biogas energy technology in Sudan," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 499-507.
    2. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chang, Chun-Ping, 2008. "Energy consumption and economic growth in Asian economies: A more comprehensive analysis using panel data," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 50-65, January.
    3. Prasertsan, S. & Sajjakulnukit, B., 2006. "Biomass and biogas energy in Thailand: Potential, opportunity and barriers," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 599-610.
    4. Yu, Liu & Yaoqiu, Kuang & Ningsheng, Huang & Zhifeng, Wu & Lianzhong, Xu, 2008. "Popularizing household-scale biogas digesters for rural sustainable energy development and greenhouse gas mitigation," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 2027-2035.
    5. Pokharel, Shaligram, 2007. "Kyoto protocol and Nepal's energy sector," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 2514-2525, April.
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