IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Peer-to-peer and community-based markets: A comprehensive review


  • Sousa, Tiago
  • Soares, Tiago
  • Pinson, Pierre
  • Moret, Fabio
  • Baroche, Thomas
  • Sorin, Etienne


The advent of more proactive consumers, the so-called “prosumers”, with production and storage capabilities, is empowering the consumers and bringing new opportunities and challenges to the operation of power systems in a market environment. Recently, a novel proposal for the design and operation of electricity markets has emerged: these so-called peer-to-peer (P2P) electricity markets conceptually allow the prosumers to directly share their electrical energy and investment. Such P2P markets rely on a consumer-centric and bottom-up perspective by giving the opportunity to consumers to freely choose the way they buy their electric energy. A community can also be formed by prosumers who want to collaborate, or in terms of operational energy management. This paper contributes with an overview of these new P2P markets that starts with the motivation, challenges, market designs moving to the potential future developments in this field, providing recommendations while considering a test-case.

Suggested Citation

  • Sousa, Tiago & Soares, Tiago & Pinson, Pierre & Moret, Fabio & Baroche, Thomas & Sorin, Etienne, 2019. "Peer-to-peer and community-based markets: A comprehensive review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 367-378.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:104:y:2019:i:c:p:367-378
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2019.01.036

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Liran Einav & Chiara Farronato & Jonathan Levin, 2016. "Peer-to-Peer Markets," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 8(1), pages 615-635, October.
    2. Rodrigo Verschae & Takekazu Kato & Takashi Matsuyama, 2016. "Energy Management in Prosumer Communities: A Coordinated Approach," Energies, MDPI, vol. 9(7), pages 1-27, July.
    3. Sikorski, Janusz J. & Haughton, Joy & Kraft, Markus, 2017. "Blockchain technology in the chemical industry: Machine-to-machine electricity market," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 195(C), pages 234-246.
    4. Hirsch, Adam & Parag, Yael & Guerrero, Josep, 2018. "Microgrids: A review of technologies, key drivers, and outstanding issues," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 402-411.
    5. Merlinda Andoni & Valentin Robu & David Flynn, 2017. "Crypto-control your own energy supply," Nature, Nature, vol. 548(7666), pages 158-158, August.
    6. Giotitsas, Chris & Pazaitis, Alex & Kostakis, Vasilis, 2015. "A peer-to-peer approach to energy production," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 28-38.
    7. van der Schoor, Tineke & Scholtens, Bert, 2015. "Power to the people: Local community initiatives and the transition to sustainable energy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 666-675.
    8. Hu, Jing & Harmsen, Robert & Crijns-Graus, Wina & Worrell, Ernst & van den Broek, Machteld, 2018. "Identifying barriers to large-scale integration of variable renewable electricity into the electricity market: A literature review of market design," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 81(P2), pages 2181-2195.
    9. Faber, Isaac & Lane, William & Pak, Wayne & Prakel, Mary & Rocha, Cheyne & Farr, John V., 2014. "Micro-energy markets: The role of a consumer preference pricing strategy on microgrid energy investment," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 567-575.
    10. Thomas Morstyn & Niall Farrell & Sarah J. Darby & Malcolm D. McCulloch, 2018. "Using peer-to-peer energy-trading platforms to incentivize prosumers to form federated power plants," Nature Energy, Nature, vol. 3(2), pages 94-101, February.
    11. Bertsch, Valentin & Hall, Margeret & Weinhardt, Christof & Fichtner, Wolf, 2016. "Public acceptance and preferences related to renewable energy and grid expansion policy: Empirical insights for Germany," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 465-477.
    12. Yael Parag & Benjamin K. Sovacool, 2016. "Electricity market design for the prosumer era," Nature Energy, Nature, vol. 1(4), pages 1-6, April.
    13. Olamide Jogunola & Augustine Ikpehai & Kelvin Anoh & Bamidele Adebisi & Mohammad Hammoudeh & Sung-Yong Son & Georgina Harris, 2017. "State-Of-The-Art and Prospects for Peer-To-Peer Transaction-Based Energy System," Energies, MDPI, vol. 10(12), pages 1-28, December.
    14. Palizban, Omid & Kauhaniemi, Kimmo & Guerrero, Josep M., 2014. "Microgrids in active network management—Part I: Hierarchical control, energy storage, virtual power plants, and market participation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 428-439.
    15. Gui, Emi Minghui & Diesendorf, Mark & MacGill, Iain, 2017. "Distributed energy infrastructure paradigm: Community microgrids in a new institutional economics context," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 1355-1365.
    16. Gyamfi, Samuel & Krumdieck, Susan & Urmee, Tania, 2013. "Residential peak electricity demand response—Highlights of some behavioural issues," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 71-77.
    17. John Bower & Derek W. Bunn, 2000. "Model-Based Comparisons of Pool and Bilateral Markets for Electricity," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 1-29.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Henri van Soest, 2018. "Peer-to-peer electricity trading: A review of the legal context," Competition and Regulation in Network Industries, , vol. 19(3-4), pages 180-199, September.
    2. Wolsink, Maarten, 2020. "Distributed energy systems as common goods: Socio-political acceptance of renewables in intelligent microgrids," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 127(C).
    3. Warneryd, Martin & Håkansson, Maria & Karltorp, Kersti, 2020. "Unpacking the complexity of community microgrids: A review of institutions’ roles for development of microgrids," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 121(C).
    4. Georgarakis, Elena & Bauwens, Thomas & Pronk, Anne-Marie & AlSkaif, Tarek, 2021. "Keep it green, simple and socially fair: A choice experiment on prosumers’ preferences for peer-to-peer electricity trading in the Netherlands," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 159(C).
    5. Andreolli, Francesca & D'Alpaos, Chiara & Kort, Peter, 2023. "Does P2P Trading Favor Investments in PV-Battery Systems?," FEEM Working Papers 330498, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    6. Nizami, Sohrab & Tushar, Wayes & Hossain, M.J. & Yuen, Chau & Saha, Tapan & Poor, H. Vincent, 2022. "Transactive energy for low voltage residential networks: A review," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 323(C).
    7. Kristie Kaminski Küster & Daniel Gebbran & Alexandre Rasi Aoki & Germano Lambert-Torres & Daniel Navarro-Gevers & Patrício Rodolfo Impinisi & Cleverson Luiz da Silva Pinto, 2023. "Adoption of Local Peer-to-Peer Energy Markets: Technical and Economical Perspectives for Utilities," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(5), pages 1-24, March.
    8. Francesca Andreolli & Chiara D'Alpaos & Peter Kort, 2023. "Does P2P Trading Favor Investments in PV-Battery Systems?," Working Papers 2023.02, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    9. Sophie Adams & Donal Brown & Juan Pablo Cárdenas Álvarez & Ruzanna Chitchyan & Michael J. Fell & Ulf J. J. Hahnel & Kristina Hojckova & Charlotte Johnson & Lurian Klein & Mehdi Montakhabi & Kelvin Say, 2021. "Social and Economic Value in Emerging Decentralized Energy Business Models: A Critical Review," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(23), pages 1-29, November.
    10. Yang, Peiwen & Fang, Debin & Wang, Shuyi, 2022. "Optimal trading mechanism for prosumer-centric local energy markets considering deviation assessment," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 325(C).
    11. Arnob Das & Susmita Datta Peu & Md. Abdul Mannan Akanda & Abu Reza Md. Towfiqul Islam, 2023. "Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading Pricing Mechanisms: Towards a Comprehensive Analysis of Energy and Network Service Pricing (NSP) Mechanisms to Get Sustainable Enviro-Economical Energy Sector," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(5), pages 1-27, February.
    12. Kobashi, Takuro & Yoshida, Takahiro & Yamagata, Yoshiki & Naito, Katsuhiko & Pfenninger, Stefan & Say, Kelvin & Takeda, Yasuhiro & Ahl, Amanda & Yarime, Masaru & Hara, Keishiro, 2020. "On the potential of “Photovoltaics + Electric vehicles” for deep decarbonization of Kyoto’s power systems: Techno-economic-social considerations," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 275(C).
    13. Maarten Wolsink, 2020. "Framing in Renewable Energy Policies: A Glossary," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(11), pages 1-31, June.
    14. Yuki Matsuda & Yuto Yamazaki & Hiromu Oki & Yasuhiro Takeda & Daishi Sagawa & Kenji Tanaka, 2021. "Demonstration of Blockchain Based Peer to Peer Energy Trading System with Real-Life Used PHEV and HEMS Charge Control," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(22), pages 1-12, November.
    15. Mitridati, Lesia & Kazempour, Jalal & Pinson, Pierre, 2021. "Design and game-Theoretic analysis of community-Based market mechanisms in heat and electricity systems," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 99(C).
    16. Siripha Junlakarn & Phimsupha Kokchang & Kulyos Audomvongseree, 2022. "Drivers and Challenges of Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading Development in Thailand," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(3), pages 1-25, February.
    17. Alexander Theisen & Lynne Kiesling & Michael Munger, 2022. "From Airbnb to solar: electricity market platforms as local sharing economies," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 193(3), pages 141-162, December.
    18. Klein, Lurian P. & Matos, Luisa M. & Allegretti, Giovanni, 2020. "A pragmatic approach towards end-user engagement in the context of peer-to-peer energy sharing," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 205(C).
    19. Azim, M. Imran & Tushar, Wayes & Saha, Tapan K. & Yuen, Chau & Smith, David, 2022. "Peer-to-peer kilowatt and negawatt trading: A review of challenges and recent advances in distribution networks," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 169(C).
    20. Hugo Lucas & Ruth Carbajo & Tomoo Machiba & Evgeny Zhukov & Luisa F. Cabeza, 2021. "Improving Public Attitude towards Renewable Energy," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(15), pages 1-16, July.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:104:y:2019:i:c:p:367-378. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.