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Valuation effects of taxes on debt cancellation

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  • Krause, Marko
  • Lahmann, Alexander

Abstract

Standard models on firm valuation regard a simplified default setting, often not revealing relevant implicit assumptions. In this paper, we analyze the impact of risky debt and of taxes on a cancellation of indebtedness (COD) on tax savings. For the case of a taxation of a COD, we explicitly show that the risky components in the pricing equation of tax savings cancel out so that the tax shield pricing is similar to the case of risk-free tax savings. Furthermore, assuming no tax on a COD, we show the standard textbook equations for the tax shield, the tax-adjusted discount rates and WACC subject to risky debt to be generally valid only for a pro-rata loss distribution between interest and principal payments. Using standard equations for the case of no taxes on a COD in case of a non-proportional loss distribution can lead to substantial misvaluations, which we illustrate with an example.

Suggested Citation

  • Krause, Marko & Lahmann, Alexander, 2017. "Valuation effects of taxes on debt cancellation," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 346-354.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:quaeco:v:65:y:2017:i:c:p:346-354
    DOI: 10.1016/j.qref.2016.11.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Enrique R. Arzac & Lawrence R. Glosten, 2005. "A Reconsideration of Tax Shield Valuation," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 11(4), pages 453-461, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marko Volker Krause, 2019. "De and re-levering betas with risky debt," Business Research, Springer;German Academic Association for Business Research, vol. 12(2), pages 703-720, December.
    2. Lucie Rudolfová, 2018. "The dependence of the costs of borrowed interest-bearing capital on the chosen financial variables [Závislost nákladů úročeného cizího kapitálu na vybraných finančních ukazatelích]," Český finanční a účetní časopis, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2018(4), pages 51-69.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    G12; G31; G32; G33; Default risk; Tax treatment of default; Tax savings; Tax-adjusted discount rates;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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