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Tax reform evaluation using non-parametric methods: Sweden 1980-1991

  • Blomquist, Soren
  • Eklof, Matias
  • Newey, Whitney

This paper evaluates the tax reforms carried out in Sweden between 1980 and 1991. We use a recently developed nonparametric estimation technique to account for labor supply responses. We decompose the tax returns to study how the separate components influence hours of work, tax revenues distribution. The results indicate that the reform was underfinanced and that the increased indirect taxation and redesigned transfer system almost eliminated the positive effects on hours of work due to the decreased marginal taxes on labor income. Further the predictions of a parametric estimated labor supply model. The responses of the parametric model is almost twice the size of the nonparametric.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Public Economics.

Volume (Year): 79 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 (March)
Pages: 543-568

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Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:79:y:2001:i:3:p:543-568
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505578

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  1. Aronsson, Thomas & Palme, Mårten, 1994. "A Decade of Tax and Benefit Reforms in Sweden - Effects on Labour Supply, Welfare and Inequality," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 18, Stockholm School of Economics.
  2. Hausman, Jerry A & Newey, Whitney K, 1995. "Nonparametric Estimation of Exact Consumers Surplus and Deadweight Loss," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(6), pages 1445-76, November.
  3. Agell, Jonas & Englund, Peter & Sodersten, Jan, 1996. "Tax Reform of the Century -- the Swedish Experiment," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 49(4), pages 643-64, December.
  4. N. S. Blomquist & U. Hansson-Brusewitz, 1990. "The Effect of Taxes on Male and Female Labor Supply in Sweden," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 317-357.
  5. Blomquist, N. Soren, 1983. "The effect of income taxation on the labor supply of married men in Sweden," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 169-197, November.
  6. Agell, S.A. & Meghir, C., 1995. "Male Labour Supply in Sweden : Are Incentives Important?," Papers 12, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
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