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Multifractal spectrum analysis of nonlinear dynamical mechanisms in China’s agricultural futures markets

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  • Chen, Shu-Peng
  • He, Ling-Yun

Abstract

Based on Partition Function and Multifractal Spectrum Analysis, we investigated the nonlinear dynamical mechanisms in China’s agricultural futures markets, namely, Dalian Commodity Exchange (DCE for short) and Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE for short), where nearly all agricultural futures contracts are traded in the two markets. Firstly, we found nontrivial multifractal spectra, which are the empirical evidence of the existence of multifractal features, in 4 representative futures markets in China, that is, Hard Winter wheat (HW for short) and Strong Gluten wheat (SG for short) futures markets from ZCE and Soy Meal (SM for short) futures and Soy Bean No.1 (SB for short) futures markets from DCE. Secondly, by shuffling the original time series, we destroyed the underlying nonlinear temporal correlation; thus, we identified that long-range correlation mechanism constitutes major contributions in the formation in the multifractals of the markets. Thirdly, by tracking the evolution of left- and right-half spectra, we found that there exist critical points, between which there are different behaviors, in the left-half spectra for large price fluctuations; but for the right-hand spectra for small price fluctuations, the width of those increases slowly as the delay t increases in the long run. Finally, the dynamics of large fluctuations is significantly different from that of the small ones, which implies that there exist different underlying mechanisms in the formation of multifractality in the markets. Our main contributions focus on that we not only provided empirical evidence of the existence of multifractal features in China agricultural commodity futures markets; but also we pioneered in investigating the sources of the multifractality in China’s agricultural futures markets in current literature; furthermore, we investigated the nonlinear dynamical mechanisms based on spectrum analysis, which offers us insights into the underlying dynamical mechanisms in China’s agricultural futures markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Shu-Peng & He, Ling-Yun, 2010. "Multifractal spectrum analysis of nonlinear dynamical mechanisms in China’s agricultural futures markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(7), pages 1434-1444.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:389:y:2010:i:7:p:1434-1444 DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2009.12.009
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    4. Dutta, Srimonti & Ghosh, Dipak & Chatterjee, Sucharita, 2016. "Multifractal detrended Cross Correlation Analysis of Foreign Exchange and SENSEX fluctuation in Indian perspective," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 463(C), pages 188-201.
    5. Zunino, Luciano & Tabak, Benjamin M. & Serinaldi, Francesco & Zanin, Massimiliano & Pérez, Darío G. & Rosso, Osvaldo A., 2011. "Commodity predictability analysis with a permutation information theory approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(5), pages 876-890.
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    7. Ruan, Yong-Ping & Zhou, Wei-Xing, 2011. "Long-term correlations and multifractal nature in the intertrade durations of a liquid Chinese stock and its warrant," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(9), pages 1646-1654.
    8. Li, Zhihui & Lu, Xinsheng, 2012. "Cross-correlations between agricultural commodity futures markets in the US and China," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(15), pages 3930-3941.
    9. He, Ling-Yun & Chen, Shu-Peng, 2010. "Are developed and emerging agricultural futures markets multifractal? A comparative perspective," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(18), pages 3828-3836.
    10. Zhuang, Xiaoyang & Wei, Yu & Zhang, Bangzheng, 2014. "Multifractal detrended cross-correlation analysis of carbon and crude oil markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 399(C), pages 113-125.
    11. Dutta, Srimonti & Ghosh, Dipak & Samanta, Shukla, 2014. "Multifractal detrended cross-correlation analysis of gold price and SENSEX," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 413(C), pages 195-204.
    12. He, Ling-Yun & Chen, Shu-Peng, 2010. "Are crude oil markets multifractal? Evidence from MF-DFA and MF-SSA perspectives," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(16), pages 3218-3229.
    13. Shu-Peng Chen & Ling-Yun He, 2013. "Bubble Formation and Heterogeneity of Traders: A Multi-Agent Perspective," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 42(3), pages 267-289, October.
    14. Zhang, Chen & Ni, Zhiwei & Ni, Liping, 2015. "Multifractal detrended cross-correlation analysis between PM2.5 and meteorological factors," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 438(C), pages 114-123.
    15. Ghosh, Dipak & Dutta, Srimonti & Chakraborty, Sayantan, 2015. "Multifractal Detrended Cross-correlation Analysis of Market Clearing Price of electricity and SENSEX in India," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 434(C), pages 52-59.
    16. Ruan, Qingsong & Jiang, Wei & Ma, Guofeng, 2016. "Cross-correlations between price and volume in Chinese gold markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 451(C), pages 10-22.
    17. Cao, Guangxi & Xu, Wei, 2016. "Nonlinear structure analysis of carbon and energy markets with MFDCCA based on maximum overlap wavelet transform," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 444(C), pages 505-523.
    18. He, Ling-Yun & Chen, Shu-Peng, 2011. "Nonlinear bivariate dependency of price–volume relationships in agricultural commodity futures markets: A perspective from Multifractal Detrended Cross-Correlation Analysis," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(2), pages 297-308.

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