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New Zealand׳s fisheries management system: Forced labour an ignored or overlooked dimension?


  • Simmons, Glenn
  • Stringer, Christina


New Zealand׳s fisheries management system is regarded by many as world leading promoting innovation and economic efficiency. However, success claims have excluded the labour dimension. The fisheries management system has long encouraged and facilitated the use of low-cost foreign charter vessels using migrant crew, to extract the maximise value from fisheries. Migrant crew members have been exploited for over three decades aboard many of these vessels. In May 2011, Indonesian crew from the South Korean fishing vessel Shin Ji, fled their employer citing abuse by their Korean officers along with the non-payment of wages. This paper is a case study about the Shin Ji crew in which the International Labour Organisation Indicators of Forced Labour are applied to interviews undertaken with the crew. Analysis of interviews and corroborating data reveals the crew came to New Zealand with the expectation of first world conditions and pay, but instead were subjected to forced labour. This paper adds the labour dimension into the debate surrounding New Zealand’s fishery management system.

Suggested Citation

  • Simmons, Glenn & Stringer, Christina, 2014. "New Zealand׳s fisheries management system: Forced labour an ignored or overlooked dimension?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(PA), pages 74-80.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:50:y:2014:i:pa:p:74-80
    DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.05.013

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Batstone, C J & Sharp, B M H, 1999. "New Zealand's quota management system: the first ten years," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 177-190, March.
    2. Bess, Randall, 2006. "New Zealand seafood firm competitiveness in export markets: The role of the quota management system and aquaculture legislation," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 367-378, July.
    3. Eythórsson, Einar, 2000. "A decade of ITQ-management in Icelandic fisheries: consolidation without consensus," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 483-492, November.
    4. Bess, Randall, 2012. "Public management in New Zealand and its effect on institutional arrangements for managing fisheries," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 550-558.
    5. Pearse, Peter H. & Walters, Carl J., 1992. "Harvesting regulation under quota management systems for ocean fisheries : Decision making in the face of natural variability, weak information, risks and conflicting incentives," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 167-182, May.
    6. Soliman, Adam, 2014. "Using individual transferable quotas (ITQs) to achieve social policy objectives: A proposed intervention," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 76-81.
    7. Bremner, Graeme & Johnstone, Peter & Bateson, Tracy & Clarke, Philip, 2009. "Unreported bycatch in the New Zealand West Coast South Island hoki fishery," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 504-512, May.
    8. Alder, Jacqueline & Cullis-Suzuki, Sarika & Karpouzi, Vasiliki & Kaschner, Kristin & Mondoux, Suzanne & Swartz, Wilf & Trujillo, Pablo & Watson, Reg & Pauly, Daniel, 2010. "Aggregate performance in managing marine ecosystems of 53 maritime countries," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 468-476, May.
    9. Clark, Ian, 1993. "Individual transferable quotas: the New Zealand experience," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 340-342, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Torkington, Barry, 2016. "New Zealand׳s quota management system – incoherent and conflicted," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 180-183.
    2. Hamilton-Hart, Natasha & Stringer, Christina, 2016. "Upgrading and exploitation in the fishing industry: Contributions of value chain analysis," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 166-171.


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