IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Monitoring benthic biodiversity restoration in Lyme Bay marine protected area: Design, sampling and analysis


  • Stevens, T.F.
  • Sheehan, E.V.
  • Gall, S.C.
  • Fowell, S.C.
  • Attrill, M.J.


Long-standing concerns about the effects of scallop dredging and demersal trawling on high diversity mudstone reef and cobble habitats in Lyme Bay, southwest England, were addressed by the exclusion of bottom towed fishing gear from a 206km2 area in July 2008. A consortium led by Plymouth University Marine Institute was funded by the UK Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to design and implement a study (initially funded for 3 years) to examine the effects of the closure on both nekton and epibenthos. This paper provides a detailed account of the methodology employed from survey design to data analysis to provide a protocol for future MPA monitoring programmes. Information on historical fishing effort, substrate distributions and current and previous closure boundaries was overlaid using GIS to locate suitable monitoring sites. Non-destructive and cost-effective techniques, including a towed high-definition video array and static baited video, were used to quantify changes in relative abundances of epibenthos and nekton over three years at sites previously fished but now closed to bottom towed fishing compared to both fished and un-fished reference sites. The monitoring programme as described provides a model for robust, cost-effective evaluation of the efficacy of policy instruments for feedback into the adaptive management cycle.

Suggested Citation

  • Stevens, T.F. & Sheehan, E.V. & Gall, S.C. & Fowell, S.C. & Attrill, M.J., 2014. "Monitoring benthic biodiversity restoration in Lyme Bay marine protected area: Design, sampling and analysis," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 310-317.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:45:y:2014:i:c:p:310-317
    DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.09.006

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Banks, Simon A. & Skilleter, Greg A., 2010. "Implementing marine reserve networks: A comparison of approaches in New South Wales (Australia) and New Zealand," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 197-207, March.
    2. Marinesque, Sophie & Kaplan, David M. & Rodwell, Lynda D., 2012. "Global implementation of marine protected areas: Is the developing world being left behind?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 727-737.
    3. O'Leary, B.C. & Brown, R.L. & Johnson, D.E. & von Nordheim, H. & Ardron, J. & Packeiser, T. & Roberts, C.M., 2012. "The first network of marine protected areas (MPAs) in the high seas: The process, the challenges and where next," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 598-605.
    4. Grafton, R. Quentin & Kompas, Tom, 2005. "Uncertainty and the active adaptive management of marine reserves," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 471-479, September.
    5. Day, Jon, 2008. "The need and practice of monitoring, evaluating and adapting marine planning and management--lessons from the Great Barrier Reef," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 823-831, September.
    6. Jones, P.J.S. & Carpenter, A., 2009. "Crossing the divide: The challenges of designing an ecologically coherent and representative network of MPAs for the UK," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 737-743, September.
    7. Douvere, Fanny, 2008. "The importance of marine spatial planning in advancing ecosystem-based sea use management," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 762-771, September.
    8. Hilborn, Ray, 2007. "Defining success in fisheries and conflicts in objectives," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 153-158, March.
    9. Rees, Siân E. & Rodwell, Lynda D. & Attrill, Martin J. & Austen, Melanie C. & Mangi, Steven C., 2010. "The value of marine biodiversity to the leisure and recreation industry and its application to marine spatial planning," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 868-875, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:45:y:2014:i:c:p:310-317. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.