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Immigrant locations and native residential preferences: Emerging ghettos or new communities?

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  • Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús
  • Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada
  • Saiz, Albert

Abstract

Strong political movements voicing opposition to immigration are on the upswing. Does such potential antagonism translate into residential dynamics? We study whether natives fled from immigrant areas in reaction to the largest and fastest migration shock in the OECD. The inflow–causing the population of Spain to grow by 10% between 1998 and 2008–represented a largely new phenomenon, the size of which had not been factored into previous expectations, thereby providing quasi-experimental sources of variance. Our results show that immigrant inflows caused mild native displacement from denser, established neighborhoods, but also more real estate development in these areas. In parallel, both natives and immigrants were collocating in booming suburban communities, resulting in no changes to overall measures of ethnic segregation. In light of the results, we argue that whenever ethnic-minority arrivals spur the creation of new neighborhoods, conventional empirical methods overstate the degree of native flight.

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  • Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús & Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada & Saiz, Albert, 2019. "Immigrant locations and native residential preferences: Emerging ghettos or new communities?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 133-151.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:112:y:2019:i:c:p:133-151
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2019.06.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Amior, Michael, 2020. "The contribution of immigration to local labor market adjustment," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 108419, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Korpi, Martin & Halvarsson, Daniel & Öner, Özge & A.V. Clark, William & Mihaescu, Oana & Östh, John & Bäckman, Olof, 2022. "Native Population Turnover & Emerging Segregation: The Role of Amenities, Crime and Housing," Ratio Working Papers 358, The Ratio Institute.
    3. Martijn Dröes & Hans R.A. Koster, 2019. "A World Divided: Refugee Centers, House Prices, and Household Preferences," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 19-075/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    4. Jaeger, David A & Ruist, Joakim & Stuhler, Jan, 2018. "Shift-Share Instruments and the Impact of Immigration," CEPR Discussion Papers 12701, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Wahba Jackline & Nelly Elmallakh, 2021. "Syrian Refugees and the Migration Dynamics of Jordanians: Moving in or Moving out?," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 2120, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    6. Amior, Michael, 2020. "Immigration, local crowd-out and undercoverage bias," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 108490, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. José M. Casado-Díaz & Raquel Simón-Albert & Hipólito Simón, 2022. "Reassessing the commuting penalty for immigrants: new evidence from Spain," Transportation, Springer, vol. 49(4), pages 1099-1132, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International migration; Residential segregation; Native flight;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • D33 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Factor Income Distribution

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