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Minimizing makespan in a blocking flowshop using a revised artificial immune system algorithm


  • Lin, Shih-Wei
  • Ying, Kuo-Ching


The blocking flowshop scheduling problem has a strong industrial background but is under-represented in the research literature. In this study, a revised artificial immune system (RAIS) algorithm based on the features of artificial immune systems and the annealing process of simulated annealing algorithms was presented to minimize the makespan in a blocking flowshop. To validate the performance of the proposed RAIS algorithm, computational experiments and comparisons were conducted on the well-known benchmark problems of Taillard used in earlier studies. The experimental results show that the proposed RAIS algorithm outperforms the state-of-art algorithms on the same benchmark problem data set.

Suggested Citation

  • Lin, Shih-Wei & Ying, Kuo-Ching, 2013. "Minimizing makespan in a blocking flowshop using a revised artificial immune system algorithm," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 383-389.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jomega:v:41:y:2013:i:2:p:383-389
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Boysen, Nils & Fliedner, Malte, 2010. "Cross dock scheduling: Classification, literature review and research agenda," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 413-422, December.
    2. Taillard, E., 1993. "Benchmarks for basic scheduling problems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 278-285, January.
    3. Tan, K.C. & Goh, C.K. & Mamun, A.A. & Ei, E.Z., 2008. "An evolutionary artificial immune system for multi-objective optimization," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 187(2), pages 371-392, June.
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    5. Vallada, Eva & Ruiz, Rubén, 2010. "Genetic algorithms with path relinking for the minimum tardiness permutation flowshop problem," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 38(1-2), pages 57-67, February.
    6. Kuo-Ching Ying, 2012. "Minimising makespan for multistage hybrid flowshop scheduling problems with multiprocessor tasks by a hybrid immune algorithm," European Journal of Industrial Engineering, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 6(2), pages 199-215.
    7. Ronconi, Débora P. & Henriques, Luís R.S., 2009. "Some heuristic algorithms for total tardiness minimization in a flowshop with blocking," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 272-281, April.
    8. Sterna, Malgorzata, 2011. "A survey of scheduling problems with late work criteria," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 120-129, April.
    9. Nawaz, Muhammad & Enscore Jr, E Emory & Ham, Inyong, 1983. "A heuristic algorithm for the m-machine, n-job flow-shop sequencing problem," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 91-95.
    10. Pan, Quan-Ke & Wang, Ling, 2012. "Effective heuristics for the blocking flowshop scheduling problem with makespan minimization," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 218-229, April.
    11. Grabowski, Jøzef & Pempera, Jaroslaw, 2007. "The permutation flow shop problem with blocking. A tabu search approach," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 302-311, June.
    12. Caraffa, Vince & Ianes, Stefano & P. Bagchi, Tapan & Sriskandarajah, Chelliah, 2001. "Minimizing makespan in a blocking flowshop using genetic algorithms," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 101-115, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pan, Quan-Ke & Wang, Ling & Li, Jun-Qing & Duan, Jun-Hua, 2014. "A novel discrete artificial bee colony algorithm for the hybrid flowshop scheduling problem with makespan minimisation," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 42-56.
    2. Karapetyan, Daniel & Mitrovic Minic, Snezana & Malladi, Krishna T. & Punnen, Abraham P., 2015. "Satellite downlink scheduling problem: A case study," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 115-123.
    3. Bautista, Joaquín & Alfaro, Rocío & Batalla, Cristina, 2015. "Modeling and solving the mixed-model sequencing problem to improve productivity," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 161(C), pages 83-95.
    4. Lin, Shih-Wei & Ying, Kuo-Ching, 2016. "Optimization of makespan for no-wait flowshop scheduling problems using efficient matheuristics," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 115-125.

    More about this item


    Scheduling; Blocking flowshop; Makespan;


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