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The impact of the financial system's structure on firms' financial constraints

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  • Baum, Christopher F.
  • Schäfer, Dorothea
  • Talavera, Oleksandr

Abstract

We estimate firms' cash flow sensitivity of cash to empirically test how the financial system's structure and level of development influence their financial constraints. For this purpose we merge Almeida et al.'s work, a path-breaking design for evaluating a firm's financial constraints, with that of Levine, who paved the way for comparative analysis of financial systems around the world. We conjecture that a country's financial system, both in terms of its structure and its level of development, should influence the cash flow sensitivity of cash of constrained firms but leave unconstrained firms unaffected. We test our hypothesis with a large international sample of 30,000 firm-years from 1989 to 2006. Our findings reveal that both the structure of the financial system and its level of development matter. Bank-based financial systems provide constrained firms with easier access to external financing.

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  • Baum, Christopher F. & Schäfer, Dorothea & Talavera, Oleksandr, 2011. "The impact of the financial system's structure on firms' financial constraints," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 678-691, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:30:y:2011:i:4:p:678-691
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    4. Bremus, Franziska & Neugebauer, Katja, 2018. "Reduced cross-border lending and financing costs of SMEs," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 35-58.
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    7. Bose, Udichibarna & MacDonald, Ronald & Tsoukas, Serafeim, 2019. "Policy initiatives and firms' access to external finance: Evidence from a panel of emerging Asian economies," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 162-184.
    8. Kim, Dong-Hyeon & Lin, Shu-Chin & Chen, Ting-Cih, 2016. "Financial structure, firm size and industry growth," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 23-39.
    9. Kiesel, F., 2016. "The effect of credit and rating events on credit default swap and equity markets," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 81247, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    10. Kurronen, Sanna, 2016. "Natural resources and capital structure," BOFIT Discussion Papers 10/2016, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    11. Carlos Carreira & Filipe Silva, 2013. "Do Size, Age and Dividend Policy Provide Useful Measures of Financing Constraints? New Evidence from a Panel of Portuguese Firms," GEMF Working Papers 2013-26, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.
    12. Castro, Fernanda & Kalatzis, Aquiles E.G. & Martins-Filho, Carlos, 2015. "Financing in an emerging economy: Does financial development or financial structure matter?," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 96-123.
    13. Bremus, Franziska & Neugebauer, Katja, 2017. "Don't stop me now: the impact of credit market fragmentation on firms' financing constraints," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 70774, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    14. Andrea Mc Namara & Pierluigi Murro, 2018. "Credit Rationing in European SMEs and their Lending Infrastructure," Working Papers CASMEF 1803, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
    15. Driver, Ciaran & Muñoz-Bugarin, Jair, 2019. "Financial constraints on investment: Effects of firm size and the financial crisis," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 441-457.
    16. Letenah Ejigu Wale, 2014. "Investment Cash Flow Sensitivity as a Measure of Financing Constraints: Evidence from Selected African Countries," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 6(8), pages 647-657.
    17. Tan, Zhibo & Yao, Yang & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2015. "Financial structure, corporate savings and current account imbalances," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 142-167.
    18. Ramon Moreno & José María Serena Garralda, 2018. "Firms' credit risk and the onshore transmission of the global financial cycle," BIS Working Papers 712, Bank for International Settlements.
    19. Filipe Silva & Carlos Carreira, 2012. "Measuring Firms' Financial Constraints: A Rough Guide," Notas Económicas, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, issue 36, pages 23-46, December.
    20. Wen, Shiyan & Lin, Boqiang & Zhou, Yicheng, 2021. "Does financial structure promote energy conservation and emission reduction? Evidence from China," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 755-766.
    21. Udichibarna Bose & Ronald McDonald & Serafeim Tsoukas, 2016. "Policy initiatives and Örmsíaccess to external finance: Evidence from a panel of emerging Asian economies," Working Papers 2016_18, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    22. Martinsson, Gustav & Lööf, Hans, 2009. "Internal Finance and Patents - evidence from firm-level data," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 194, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    23. Liu, Guanchun & Zhang, Chengsi, 2020. "Does financial structure matter for economic growth in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    24. Kiesel, Florian, 2016. "The effect of credit and rating events on credit default swap and equity markets," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 81265, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    25. Kurronen, Sanna, 2018. "Natural resources and capital structure," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 385-396.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial constraints Financial structure Financial development Cash flow sensitivity of cash;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General

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