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Monthly rent with variable deposit: A new form of rental contract in Korea


  • Lee, Chang-Moo
  • Chung, Eui-Chul


In this paper, we describe the structure of the monthly-rent-with-variable-deposit (MRVD) contract, a distinct type of rental contract in Korea. We demonstrate that the Chonsei contract is one variant of the MRVD contract. To explain the MRVD contract, we propose a leverage-effect-seeking hypothesis. Based on this hypothesis, we are able to elucidate a variety of rental market conditions in Korea. Our hypothesis is consistent with the simultaneous existence of several types of rental contracts and various combinations of monthly rent, as well as the up-front deposit in the MRVD contracts. We also focused on the deposit-to-monthly-rent conversion rate, a critical factor in the Korean rental housing market. Our hypothesis indicates that conversion rates vary across local markets depending on local market conditions, such as the expected house price appreciation rate. The results of our data analysis demonstrate that our hypothesis more adequately explains the observed trend in the conversion rate, as well as that in the MRVD contracts.

Suggested Citation

  • Lee, Chang-Moo & Chung, Eui-Chul, 2010. "Monthly rent with variable deposit: A new form of rental contract in Korea," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 315-323, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jhouse:v:19:y:2010:i:4:p:315-323

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Brent W. Ambrose & Sunwoong Kim, 2003. "Modeling the Korean Chonsei Lease Contract," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 31(1), pages 53-74, March.
    2. Kim, Kyung-Hwan, 1990. "An analysis of inefficiency due to inadequate mortgage financing: The case of Seoul, Korea," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 371-390, November.
    3. Follain, James & Lim, Gill-Chin & Renaud, Bertrand, 1980. "The demand for housing in developing countries: The case of Korea," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 315-336, May.
    4. Gyourko, Joseph & Han, Jaehye Kim, 1989. "Housing wealth, housing finance, and tenure in Korea," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 211-234, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gaetano Lisi, 2015. "Use of Hedonic Prices to Estimate Capitalization Rate," International Real Estate Review, Asian Real Estate Society, vol. 18(3), pages 303-316.
    2. Kim, Jinwon, 2013. "Financial repression and housing investment: An analysis of the Korean chonsei," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 338-358.
    3. Kyung-Hwan Kim & Chang-Moo Lee & Young-Man Lee, 2014. "Rental housing system and housing market volatility: monthly rent-based vs. asset-based systems," Chapters,in: The Global Financial Crisis and Housing, chapter 12, pages 296-312 Edward Elgar Publishing.


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