Start spreading the news: A structural estimate of the effects of New York hospital report cards
Research on the effects of publicly reported hospital quality report cards on patient market shares is mixed. Higher-ranking hospitals do not consistently experience increases in market share. We argue that this may be because the report cards do not always convey "news" about quality; in some cases the rankings conform with prior beliefs about quality. We develop a structural model of the "news" in report cards and estimate the model using data from New York State in 1989-1991. We show hospitals with negative news in the original 1990 report cards experienced a decrease in market share, but that a misspecified model might continue to find no report card effect.
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- Friedman, Bernard & Pauly, Mark, 1981. "Cost Functions for a Service Firm with Variable Quality and Stochastic Demand: The Case of Hospitals," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(4), pages 620-624, November.
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- David M. Cutler & Robert S. Huckman & Mary Beth Landrum, 2004. "The Role of Information in Medical Markets: An Analysis of Publicly Reported Outcomes in Cardiac Surgery," NBER Working Papers 10489, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Jin, Ginger Zhe & Sorensen, Alan T., 2006. "Information and consumer choice: The value of publicized health plan ratings," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 248-275, March.
- Cutler, David & Landrum, Mary Beth & Huckman, Robert, 2004. "The Role of Information in Medical Markets: An Analysis of Publicly Reported Outcomes in Cardiac Surgery," Scholarly Articles 2640582, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Scanlon, Dennis P. & Chernew, Michael & McLaughlin, Catherine & Solon, Gary, 2002. "The impact of health plan report cards on managed care enrollment," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 19-41, January.
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