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The role of securitization in mortgage renegotiation

  • Agarwal, Sumit
  • Amromin, Gene
  • Ben-David, Itzhak
  • Chomsisengphet, Souphala
  • Evanoff, Douglas D.

We study the effects of securitization on renegotiation of distressed residential mortgages over the current financial crisis. Unlike prior studies, we employ unique data that directly observe lender renegotiation actions and cover more than 60% of the U.S. mortgage market. Exploiting within-servicer variation in these data, we find that bank-held loans are 26–36% more likely to be renegotiated than comparable securitized mortgages (4.2–5.7% in absolute terms). Also, modifications of bank-held loans are more efficient: conditional on a modification, bank-held loans have 9% lower post-modification default rates (3.5% in absolute terms). Our findings support the view that frictions introduced by securitization create a significant challenge to effective renegotiation of residential loans. We also provide evidence supporting the affordability focus of recent policy actions, such as the Home Affordability Modification Program.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Financial Economics.

Volume (Year): 102 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 559-578

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:102:y:2011:i:3:p:559-578
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  1. George Pennacchi, . "Loan Sales and the Cost of Bank Capital," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 07-87, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
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  11. Larry Cordell & Karen Dynan & Andreas Lehnert & Nellie Liang & Eileen Mauskopf, 2009. "Designing loan modifications to address the mortgage crisis and the making home affordable program," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2009-43, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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