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Drug courts for DWI offenders? The effectiveness of two hybrid drug courts on DWI offenders

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  • Bouffard, Jeffrey A.
  • Richardson, Katie A.
  • Franklin, Travis

Abstract

The effectiveness of drug courts for illegal drug-involved offenders has been well documented (Belenko, 1998, 2001; Wilson, Mitchell, & MacKenzie, 2006), however, few studies had examined whether they work for repeat "driving while intoxicated" (DWI) or "driving under the influence" (DUI) offenders. The current study examined sixty-six offenders who had completed one of two hybrid DUI/drug courts (compared to eighty-six similar parolees) operating in two small cities in a single midwestern state. Results suggested that among non-DUI offenders, completion of the drug court program reduced recidivism, as might be expected; however, among the subsample of chronic DUI offenders no significant recidivism reduction was noted. These results add to the small, but growing literature suggesting that DUI courts (as they are currently being implemented) may not be an effective way to reduce the occurrence of repeat DUI offenses. Suggestions for DUI court implementation and future research are presented.

Suggested Citation

  • Bouffard, Jeffrey A. & Richardson, Katie A. & Franklin, Travis, 2010. "Drug courts for DWI offenders? The effectiveness of two hybrid drug courts on DWI offenders," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 25-33, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jcjust:v:38:y::i:1:p:25-33
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yu, Jiang, 2000. "Punishment and alcohol problems: Recidivism among drinking-driving offenders," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 261-270.
    2. Taxman, Faye S. & Piquero, Alex, 1998. "On preventing drunk driving recidivism: an examination of rehabilitation and punishment approaches," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 129-143, March.
    3. Pratt, Travis C. & Holsinger, Alex M. & Latessa, Edward J., 2000. "Treating the chronic DUI offender "Turning Point" ten years later," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 271-281.
    4. Winfree, L. Thomas & Giever, Dennis M., 2000. "On classifying driving-while-intoxicated offenders The experiences of a citywide DWI drug court," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 13-21.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bouffard, Jeffrey A. & Bouffard, Leana A., 2011. "What works (or doesn't) in a DUI court? An example of expedited case processing," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 320-328, July.
    2. Ahlin, Eileen M. & Zador, Paul L. & Rauch, William J. & Howard, Jan M. & Duncan, G. Doug, 2011. "First-time DWI offenders are at risk of recidivating regardless of sanctions imposed," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 137-142.

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