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Product differentiation and efficiencies in the retail banking industry

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  • Dai, Mian
  • Yuan, Yuan

Abstract

We empirically quantify the welfare implications of bank entry in the United States between 2000 and 2008. We use a fully structural framework that combines a differentiated demand model with an endogenous product model to investigate the market outcomes. We find no evidence for under- or over-entry. Compared with the socially efficient outcome, there is a mild welfare loss resulting from banks entering wrong locations in product space. Compared with the observed outcome, consumer surplus drops by 20–38% and bank profits decline by 48–59% when banks are homogeneous. Therefore product differentiation significantly improves welfare under free entry.

Suggested Citation

  • Dai, Mian & Yuan, Yuan, 2013. "Product differentiation and efficiencies in the retail banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 4907-4919.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:12:p:4907-4919
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.09.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Abhilash Nair & Vinod R, 2015. "Determinants of allocative, scale and scope efficiencies of Indian banks," Working papers 177, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banking; Welfare; Demand; Entry; Competition; Product differentiation;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L89 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Other

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