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Airport–airline vertical relationships, their effects and regulatory policy implications

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  • Fu, Xiaowen
  • Homsombat, Winai
  • Oum, Tae H.

Abstract

This paper examines the forms and effects of vertical relationships between airports and airlines with a focus on the North American and European aviation markets. We find that such vertical relationships enables those participating to achieve various benefits and may be formed as a competitive response to other competing airport–airline alliances. In some cases, vertical airport–airline relationships strengthen the hub status of major airports, leading to increased employment and service quality in local markets. On the other hand, preferential treatment of a particular airline by an airport may enhance that airline’s market power, allowing it to dominate the airport and charge hub premiums. The competition and welfare implications of airport–airline vertical alliances can be complicated and two-sided, subject to the influences of other factors such as the market structures of the airline and airport markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Fu, Xiaowen & Homsombat, Winai & Oum, Tae H., 2011. "Airport–airline vertical relationships, their effects and regulatory policy implications," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 347-353.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaitra:v:17:y:2011:i:6:p:347-353 DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2011.02.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yip, Tsz Leung & Liu, John Jianhua & Fu, Xiaowen & Feng, Jiejian, 2014. "Modeling the effects of competition on seaport terminal awarding," Transport Policy, Elsevier, pages 341-349.
    2. repec:eee:transa:v:103:y:2017:i:c:p:509-524 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Sheng, Dian & Li, Zhi-Chun & Xiao, Yi-bin & Fu, Xiaowen, 2015. "Slot auction in an airport network with demand uncertainty," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 79-100.
    4. D’Alfonso, Tiziana & Daraio, Cinzia & Nastasi, Alberto, 2015. "Competition and efficiency in the Italian airport system: new insights from a conditional nonparametric frontier analysis," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 20-38.
    5. Fu, Xiaowen & Zhang, Anming & Lei, Zheng, 2012. "Will China’s airline industry survive the entry of high-speed rail?," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 13-25.
    6. Lau, Yui Yip & Lei, Zheng & Fu, Xiaowen & Ng, Adolf K.Y., 2012. "The implications of the re-establishment of direct links across the Taiwan Strait on the aviation industries in Greater China," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 3-12.
    7. Estelle Malavolti & Frédéric Marty, 2017. "State Aids granted by regional airports: a two-sided market analysis," Post-Print halshs-01538698, HAL.
    8. repec:eee:transb:v:100:y:2017:i:c:p:93-114 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Pearson, James & Pitfield, David & Ryley, Tim, 2015. "Intangible resources of competitive advantage: Analysis of 49 Asian airlines across three business models," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, pages 179-189.
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    11. Wang, Kun & Gong, Qiang & Fu, Xiaowen & Fan, Xingli, 2014. "Frequency and aircraft size dynamics in a concentrated growth market: The case of the Chinese domestic market," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, pages 50-58.
    12. Lohmann, Gui & Vianna, Camila, 2016. "Air route suspension: The role of stakeholder engagement and aviation and non-aviation factors," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, pages 199-210.
    13. Xiao, Yibin & Fu, Xiaowen & Zhang, Anming, 2016. "Airport capacity choice under airport-airline vertical arrangements," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 298-309.
    14. Adler, Nicole & Gellman, Aaron, 2012. "Strategies for managing risk in a changing aviation environment," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 24-35.
    15. Fu, Xiaowen & Oum, Tae Hoon & Chen, Ruowei & Lei, Zheng, 2015. "Dominant carrier performance and international liberalization – The case of Northeast Asia," Transport Policy, Elsevier, pages 61-75.
    16. Takebayashi, Mikio, 2016. "How could the collaboration between airport and high speed rail affect the market?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 277-286.
    17. Xiao, Yibin & Fu, Xiaowen & Zhang, Anming, 2013. "Demand uncertainty and airport capacity choice," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 91-104.
    18. Yang, Hangjun & Fu, Xiaowen, 2015. "A comparison of price-cap and light-handed airport regulation with demand uncertainty," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 122-132.
    19. Sand, Jan Y., 2012. "Infrastructure quality regulation," Transport Policy, Elsevier, pages 310-319.
    20. Barbot, Cristina & D'Alfonso, Tiziana, 2014. "Why do contracts between airlines and airports fail?," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 34-41.
    21. Yu, Shunan & Yang, Zhongzhen & Yu, Bin, 2017. "Air express network design based on express path choices – Chinese case study," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, pages 73-80.
    22. Saraswati, Batari & Hanaoka, Shinya, 2014. "Airport–airline cooperation under commercial revenue sharing agreements: A network approach," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 17-33.
    23. Escobari, Diego, 2017. "Airport, airline and departure time choice and substitution patterns: An empirical analysis," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 198-210.
    24. repec:eee:transa:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:116-129 is not listed on IDEAS
    25. Bettini, Humberto F.A.J. & Oliveira, Alessandro V.M., 2016. "Two-sided platforms in airport privatization," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 262-278.

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